Are suicide attempters wired differently?

Brüdern, Juliane; Berger, Thomas; Michel, Konrad; Gysin-Maillart, Anja; Held, Isabelle Schmutz; Caspar, Franz (2015). Are suicide attempters wired differently? Journal of nervous and mental disease, 203(7), pp. 514-521. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins 10.1097/NMD.0000000000000321

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Objective: Limited research exists on internal risk processes in suicide attempters and factors that distinguish them from non-suicidal, depressive individuals. In this qualitative study, we investigated Plans, motives, and underlying self-regulatory processes of the two groups and conducted a comparative analysis. Methods: We analyzed narrative interviews of 17 suicide attempters and intake interviews of 17 non-suicidal, depressive patients using Plan Analysis. Then, we developed a prototypical Plan structure for both groups. Results: Suicidal behavior serves various Plans only found in suicide attempters. Plans of this group are especially related to social perfectionism and withdrawal in order to protect their self-esteem. Depressive patients employ several interpersonal control and coping strategies, which might help prevent suicidal behavior. Conclusion: The prototypical Plan structure of suicide attempters may be a valuable tool for clinicians to detect critical Plans and motives in their interaction with patients, which are related to suicide risk.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Psychiatric Services > University Hospital of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy > UPD Murtenstrasse

UniBE Contributor:

Brüdern, Juliane; Berger, Thomas; Michel, Konrad; Gysin-Maillart, Anja Carolyn; Schmutz Held, Isabelle and Caspar, Franz

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology

ISSN:

0022-3018

Publisher:

Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Language:

English

Submitter:

Anja Carolyn Gysin-Maillart

Date Deposited:

12 Jan 2016 16:06

Last Modified:

03 Jan 2019 09:41

Publisher DOI:

10.1097/NMD.0000000000000321

PubMed ID:

26057773

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Suicide, Depression, Risk processes, Self-regulation

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.74538

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/74538

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