Slow conduction in mixed cultured strands of primary ventricular cells and stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes

Kucera, Jan; Prudat, Yann; Marcu, Irene Cristina; Azzarito, Michela; Ullrich, Nina (2015). Slow conduction in mixed cultured strands of primary ventricular cells and stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes. Frontiers in cell and developmental biology, 3, p. 58. Frontiers 10.3389/fcell.2015.00058

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Modern concepts for the treatment of myocardial diseases focus on novel cell therapeutic strategies involving stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (SCMs). However, functional integration of SCMs requires similar electrophysiological properties as primary cardiomyocytes (PCMs) and the ability to establish intercellular connections with host myocytes in order to contribute to the electrical and mechanical activity of the heart. The aim of this project was to investigate the properties of cardiac conduction in a co-culture approach using SCMs and PCMs in cultured cell strands. Murine embryonic SCMs were pooled with fetal ventricular cells and seeded in predefined proportions on microelectrode arrays to form patterned strands of mixed cells. Conduction velocity (CV) was measured during steady state pacing. SCM excitability was estimated from action potentials measured in single cells using the patch clamp technique. Experiments were complemented with computer simulations of conduction using a detailed model of cellular architecture in mixed cell strands. CV was significantly lower in strands composed purely of SCMs (5.5 ± 1.5 cm/s, n = 11) as compared to PCMs (34.9 ± 2.9 cm/s, n = 21) at similar refractoriness (100% SCMs: 122 ± 25 ms, n = 9; 100% PCMs: 139 ± 67 ms, n = 14). In mixed strands combining both cell types, CV was higher than in pure SCMs strands, but always lower than in 100% PCM strands. Computer simulations demonstrated that both intercellular coupling and electrical excitability limit CV. These data provide evidence that in cultures of murine ventricular cardiomyocytes, SCMs cannot restore CV to control levels resulting in slow conduction, which may lead to reentry circuits and arrhythmias.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Physiology

UniBE Contributor:

Kucera, Jan; Prudat, Yann; Marcu, Irene Cristina; Azzarito, Michela and Ullrich, Nina

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

2296-634X

Publisher:

Frontiers

Language:

English

Submitter:

Stefan von Känel-Zimmermann

Date Deposited:

14 Mar 2016 16:23

Last Modified:

19 Jul 2019 06:41

Publisher DOI:

10.3389/fcell.2015.00058

PubMed ID:

26442264

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.74562

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/74562

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