TICI and Age: What's the Score?

Slater, L A; Coutinho, J M; Gralla, Jan; Nogueira, R G; Bonafé, A; Dávalos, A; Jahan, R; Levy, E; Baxter, B J; Saver, J L; Pereira, V M (2016). TICI and Age: What's the Score? AJNR. American journal of neuroradiology, 37(5), pp. 838-843. American Society of Neuroradiology 10.3174/ajnr.A4618

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Previous studies have suggested that advanced age predicts worse outcome following mechanical thrombectomy. We assessed outcomes from 2 recent large prospective studies to determine the association among TICI, age, and outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS Data from the Solitaire FR Thrombectomy for Acute Revascularization (STAR) trial, an international multicenter prospective single-arm thrombectomy study and the Solitaire arm of the Solitaire FR With the Intention For Thrombectomy (SWIFT) trial were pooled. TICI was determined by core laboratory review. Good outcome was defined as an mRS score of 0-2 at 90 days. We analyzed the association among clinical outcome, successful-versus-unsuccessful reperfusion (TICI 2b-3 versus TICI 0-2a), and age (dichotomized across the median). RESULTS Two hundred sixty-nine of 291 patients treated with Solitaire in the STAR and SWIFT data bases for whom TICI and 90-day outcome data were available were included. The median age was 70 years (interquartile range, 60-76 years) with an age range of 25-88 years. The mean age of patients 70 years of age or younger was 59 years, and it was 77 years for patients older than 70 years. There was no significant difference between baseline NIHSS scores or procedure time metrics. Hemorrhage and device-related complications were more common in the younger age group but did not reach statistical significance. In absolute terms, the rate of good outcome was higher in the younger population (64% versus 44%, P < .001). However, the magnitude of benefit from successful reperfusion was higher in the 70 years of age and older group (OR, 4.82; 95% CI, 1.32-17.63 versus OR 7.32; 95% CI, 1.73-30.99). CONCLUSIONS Successful reperfusion is the strongest predictor of good outcome following mechanical thrombectomy, and the magnitude of benefit is highest in the patient population older than 70 years of age.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology and Nuclear Medicine (DRNN) > Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Neuroradiology

UniBE Contributor:

Gralla, Jan

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1936-959X

Publisher:

American Society of Neuroradiology

Language:

English

Submitter:

Martin Zbinden

Date Deposited:

14 Jan 2016 08:12

Last Modified:

14 May 2016 01:30

Publisher DOI:

10.3174/ajnr.A4618

PubMed ID:

26611995

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.74576

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/74576

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