Passively Track WiFi Users with an Enhanced Particle Filter using Power-based Ranging

Li, Zan; Braun, Torsten (2017). Passively Track WiFi Users with an Enhanced Particle Filter using Power-based Ranging IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications 10.1109/TWC.2017.2746598

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Passive positioning systems produce user location information for third-party providers of positioning services. In this work, we provide a passive tracking system for WiFi signals with an enhanced range-only particle filter using fine- grained power. Our proposed particle filter, WVT-BPF, provides an improved observation likelihood and is equipped with a single coordinated turn model to address the challenges in passive positioning. The anchor nodes for WiFi signal sniffing use software defined radio techniques to extract Channel State Information (CSI) for multipath mitigation and a non-linear regression method is used for the path-loss model. Our tracking system produces measured positioning errors that, in the 80th percentile, are equal to or less than 2 m; this represents a 33% improvement over the traditional bootstrap particle filter. Additionally, it requires (0.12s for 1000 particles) only half of the computation effort as a multi-model particle filter.

Item Type:

Report (Report)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Computer Science (INF) > Communication and Distributed Systems (CDS)
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Computer Science (INF)

UniBE Contributor:

Li, Zan and Braun, Torsten

Subjects:

000 Computer science, knowledge & systems
500 Science > 510 Mathematics

Publisher:

IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications

Language:

English

Submitter:

Sayed Ali Marandi

Date Deposited:

18 Jan 2016 16:38

Last Modified:

03 Dec 2017 01:59

Publisher DOI:

10.1109/TWC.2017.2746598

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.74591

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/74591

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