Iodine-129: Sample preparation, quality control and analyses of pre-nuclear materials and of natural waters from Lower Saxony, Germany

Szidat, Sönke; Schmidt, A; Handl, J; Jakob, D; Botsch, W; Michel, R; Synal, H.-A; Schnabel, C; Suter, M; López-Gutiérrez, J.M; Städe, W (2000). Iodine-129: Sample preparation, quality control and analyses of pre-nuclear materials and of natural waters from Lower Saxony, Germany. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, 172(1-4), pp. 699-710. Elsevier 10.1016/S0168-583X(00)00377-3

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Sample preparation procedures for AMS measurements of 129I and 127I in environmental materials and some methodological aspects of quality assurance are discussed. Measurements from analyses of some pre-nuclear soil and thyroid gland samples and of a systematic investigation of natural waters in Lower Saxony, Germany, are described. Although the up-to-now lowest 129I/127I ratios in soils and thyroid glands were observed, they are still suspect to contamination since they are significantly higher than the pre-nuclear equilibrium ratio in the marine hydrosphere. A survey on all available 129I/127I isotopic ratios in precipitation shows a dramatic increase until the middle of the 1980s and a stabilization since 1987 at high isotopic ratios of about (3.6–8.3)×10−7. In surface waters, ratios of (57–380)×10−10 are measured while shallow ground waters show with ratios of (1.3–200)×10−10 significantly lower values with a much larger spread. The data for 129I in soils and in precipitation are used to estimate pre-nuclear and modern 129I deposition densities.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Departement of Chemistry and Biochemistry

UniBE Contributor:

Szidat, Sönke

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
500 Science > 540 Chemistry

ISSN:

0168-583X

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Sönke Szidat

Date Deposited:

22 Jan 2016 13:34

Last Modified:

14 Mar 2016 12:53

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/S0168-583X(00)00377-3

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.74699

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/74699

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