Cognitive Cities: An Application for Nairobi. Text Message Participation of Slum Inhabitants to Improve Sanitary Facilities

D'Onofrio, Sara; Zurlinden, Noémie; Gadient, Dominique; Portmann, Edy (2016). Cognitive Cities: An Application for Nairobi. Text Message Participation of Slum Inhabitants to Improve Sanitary Facilities. In: Portmann, Edy; Finger, Matthias (eds.) Towards cognitive cities: advances in cognitive computing and its applications to the governance of large urban systems. 63: Vol. 63 (pp. 145-164). Springer International Publishing 10.1007/978-3-319-33798-2_8

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Population growth is always increasing, and thus the concept of smart and cognitive cities is becoming more important. Developed countries are aware of and working towards needed changes in city management. However, emerging countries require the optimization of their own city management. This chapter illustrates, based on a use case, how a city in an emerging country can quickly progress using the concept of smart and cognitive cities. Nairobi, the capital of Kenya, is chosen for the test case. More than half of the population of Nairobi lives in slums with poor sanitation, and many slum inhabitants often share a single toilet, so the proper functioning and reliable maintenance of toilets are crucial. For this purpose, an approach for processing text messages based on cognitive computing (using soft computing methods) is introduced. Slum inhabitants can inform the responsible center via text messages in cases when toilets are not functioning properly. Through cognitive computer systems, the responsible center can fix the problem in a quick and efficient way by sending repair workers to the area. Focusing on the slum of Kibera, an easy-to-handle approach for slum inhabitants is presented, which can make the city more efficient, sustainable and resilient (i.e., cognitive).

Item Type:

Book Section (Book Chapter)

Division/Institute:

03 Faculty of Business, Economics and Social Sciences > Department of Business Management > Institute of Information Systems > Information Management
03 Faculty of Business, Economics and Social Sciences > Department of Business Management > Institute of Information Systems

UniBE Contributor:

D'Onofrio, Sara and Portmann, Edy

Subjects:

000 Computer science, knowledge & systems
600 Technology > 650 Management & public relations
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 330 Economics

ISSN:

2198-4182

ISBN:

978-3-319-33798-2

Series:

63

Publisher:

Springer International Publishing

Projects:

[378] Cognitive Cities
[389] Requirements Analysis with Words
[388] Knowledge Aggregation, Representation and Reasoning

Language:

English

Submitter:

Sara D'Onofrio

Date Deposited:

25 Jan 2016 13:19

Last Modified:

23 Feb 2017 11:53

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/978-3-319-33798-2_8

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.74701

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/74701

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