Presence of polydnavirus transcripts in an egg-larval parasitoid and its lepidopterous host

Johner, A; Stettler, P; Gruber, Andreas; Lanzrein, B (1999). Presence of polydnavirus transcripts in an egg-larval parasitoid and its lepidopterous host. Journal of general virology, 80(7), pp. 1847-1854. Society for General Microbiology 10.1099/0022-1317-80-7-1847

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The parasitoid Chelonus inanitus (Braconidae, Hymenoptera) oviposits into eggs of Spodoptera littoralis (Noctuidae, Lepidoptera) and, along with the egg, also injects polydnaviruses and venom, which are prerequisites for successful parasitoid development. The parasitoid larva develops within the embryonic and larval stages of the host, which enters metamorphosis precociously and arrests development in the prepupal stage. Polydnaviruses are responsible for the developmental arrest and interfere with the host's endocrine system in the last larval instar. Polydnaviruses have a segmented genome and are transmitted as a provirus integrated in the wasp's genome. Virions are only formed in female wasps and no virus replication is seen in the parasitized host. Here it is shown that very small amounts of viral transcripts were found in parasitized eggs and early larval instars of S. littoralis. Later on, transcript quantities increased and were highest in the late last larval instar for two of the three viral segments tested and in the penultimate to early last larval instar for the third segment. These are the first data on the occurrence of viral transcripts in the host of an egg-larval parasitoid and they are different from data reported for hosts of larval parasitoids, where transcript levels are already high shortly after parasitization. The analysis of three open reading frames by RT-PCR revealed viral transcripts in parasitized S. littoralis and in female pupae of C. inanitus, indicating the absence of host specificity. For one open reading frame, transcripts were also seen in male pupae, suggesting transcription from integrated viral DNA.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Cell Biology

UniBE Contributor:

Gruber, Andreas

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology

ISSN:

0022-1317

Publisher:

Society for General Microbiology

Language:

English

Submitter:

Andreas Gruber

Date Deposited:

28 Jan 2016 15:27

Last Modified:

31 Jan 2016 16:07

Publisher DOI:

10.1099/0022-1317-80-7-1847

PubMed ID:

10423155

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.74822

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/74822

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