Genomic knock-out of rancRNAs in the archaeon H. volcanii

Wyss, Leander (23 January 2015). Genomic knock-out of rancRNAs in the archaeon H. volcanii (Unpublished). In: Swiss RNA Workshop 2015. Bern. 23.01.2015.

As translation is the final step in gene expression it is particularly important to understand the processes involved in translation regulation. It was shown in the last years that a class of RNA, the non-protein-coding RNAs (ncRNAs), is involved in regulation of gene expression via various mechanisms [1]. Herein included is the prominent example of gene silencing caused by micro RNAs (miRNAs) and small interfering RNAs (siRNAs). Almost all of these ncRNA discovered so far target the mRNA in order to modulate protein biosynthesis, this is rather unexpected considering the crucial role of the ribosome during gene expression. However, recent data from our laboratory showed that there is a new class of RNAs among the well-studied ncRNAs that target the ribosome itself [2,3]. These so called ribosome-associated ncRNAs (rancRNAs) have an impact on translation regulation, mainly by interfering / modulating the rate of protein biosynthesis. Recent studies show the presence of small regulatory RNAs (sRNAs) in archaea which are involved in many biological processes including stress response and metabolic regulation [4]. To date the biological function and the targets of these archaeal sRNAs are only described for a few examples. There are reports of sRNAs binding to the 5’ as well as to the 3’ of mRNAs [5,6]. In addition to these findings, a tRNA derived fragment (tRF) of Valine tRNA was found in a genomic screen of RNAs associated with the ribosome in H. volcanii in our laboratory [3]. This Valine tRF seems to be processed in a stress-dependent manner and showed in vitro binding to the ribosome and inhibited in vitro translation. These results showed that Valine tRF is capable to regulate translation in H. volcanii by targeting the ribosome. The main goal of this project is to identify and describe novel potential regulatory rancRNAs in H. volcanii with the focus on intergenic candidates. Northern blot analyses already revealed interactions with the ribosome and showed differential expression patterns in response to stress conditions. To investigate the biological relevance of some of the ribosome-associated ncRNA candidates, knock-out and phenotypic characterization studies are done. The genomic knock out of a hypothetical ORF (198nt), where one putative rancRNA candidate (46nt) named IG33 was detected in the library at the beginning of the ORF, showed interesting growth phenotype under specific stress conditions. Furthermore a strain with an introduced start to stop codon mutation in this hypothetical ORF still shows the same phenotype indicating that rather the missing protein than the missing sRNA causes this growth phenotype.

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Departement of Chemistry and Biochemistry

Graduate School:

Graduate School for Cellular and Biomedical Sciences (GCB)

UniBE Contributor:

Wyss, Leander

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
500 Science > 540 Chemistry

Language:

English

Submitter:

Christina Schüpbach

Date Deposited:

28 Jan 2016 16:06

Last Modified:

28 Jan 2016 16:06

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/74845

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