Probing the Structure, Pseudorotation, and Radial Vibrations of Cyclopentane by Femtosecond Rotational Raman Coherence Spectroscopy

Kowalewski, Philipp; Frey, Hans-Martin; Infanger, Daniel; Leutwyler, Samuel (2015). Probing the Structure, Pseudorotation, and Radial Vibrations of Cyclopentane by Femtosecond Rotational Raman Coherence Spectroscopy. Journal of physical chemistry. A, 119(45), pp. 11215-11225. American Chemical Society 10.1021/acs.jpca.5b07930

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Femtosecond time-resolved Raman rotational coherence spectroscopy (RCS) is employed to determine accurate rotational, vibration–rotation coupling constants, and centrifugal distortion constants of cyclopentane (C⁵H¹⁰). Its lowest-frequency vibration is a pseudorotating ring deformation that interconverts 10 permutationally distinct but energetically degenerate “twist” minima interspersed by 10 “bent” conformers. While the individual twist and bent structures are polar asymmetric tops, the pseudorotation is fast on the time scale of external rotation, rendering cyclopentane a fluxionally nonpolar symmetric top molecule. The pseudorotational level pattern corresponds to a one-dimensional internal rotor with a pseudorotation constant Bps ≈ 2.8 cm⁻¹. The pseudorotational levels are significantly populated up to l = ± 13 at 298 K; <10% of the molecules are in the l = 0 level. The next-higher vibration is the “radial” ν²³ ring deformation mode at 273 cm⁻¹, which is far above the pseudorotational fundamental. Femtosecond Raman RCS measurements were performed in a gas cell at T = 293 K and in a pulsed supersonic jet at T ≈ 90 K. The jet cooling reduces the pseudorotational distribution to l < ±8 and eliminates the population of ν²³, allowing one to determine the rotational constant as A0 = B0 = 6484.930(11) MHz. This value is ∼300 times more precise than the previous value. The fit of the RCS transients reveals that the rotation–pseudorotation coupling constant αe,psB = −0.00070(1) MHz is diminutive, implying that excitation of the pseudorotation has virtually no effect on the B0 rotational constant of cyclopentane. The smallness of αe,psB can be realized when comparing to the vibration–rotation coupling constant of the ν²³ vibration, αe,23B = −9.547(1) MHz, which is about 10⁴ times larger.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Departement of Chemistry and Biochemistry
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Applied Physics

UniBE Contributor:

Kowalewski, Philipp; Frey, Hans-Martin and Leutwyler, Samuel

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
500 Science > 540 Chemistry
600 Technology > 620 Engineering
500 Science

ISSN:

1089-5639

Publisher:

American Chemical Society

Language:

English

Submitter:

Beatrice Niederhauser

Date Deposited:

04 Feb 2016 07:45

Last Modified:

21 Oct 2016 02:30

Publisher DOI:

10.1021/acs.jpca.5b07930

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.75044

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/75044

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