Geochronology and isotope geochemistry of Eocene dykes intruding the Ladakh Batholith

Heri, A.R.; Aitchison, J.C.; Jing, J.A.; Villa, Igor Maria (2015). Geochronology and isotope geochemistry of Eocene dykes intruding the Ladakh Batholith. Lithos, 212-215, pp. 111-121. Elsevier 10.1016/j.lithos.2014.11.001

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In order to determine the extent and timing of dyke formation in the Ladakh Batholith we examined about 30 mostly andesitic dykes intruding the Ladakh batholith in a ca. 50 km wide area to the west of Leh (NW India). The dykes in the east of the area trend E-NE and those in the west trend N-NW. The difference in orientation is also evident in the petrography and isotopic signatures. The eastern dykes contain corroded quartz xenocrysts and show negative ε0(Nd) and positive ε0(Sr) values, where as the western dykes do not contain quartz xenocrysts and exhibit positive ε0(Nd) and near-zero ε0(Sr) values. The variability in Sr-Nd isotopes (ε0(Nd) = 3.6 to −9.6, ε0(Sr) = 0.4 to 143) and the quartz xenocrysts can best be explained by (differing degrees of) crustal assimilation of the parent magma of the dykes. Separated minerals from five dykes were dated by 40Ar-39Ar incremental heating: amphibole ages range between 50 and 54 Ma, and one biotite dated both by Rb-Sr and by 40Ar-39Ar gave an age of 45 Ma. One dated pseudotachylyte sample attests to brittle faulting at ca. 54 Ma. The combination of structural field evidence with petrographic, isotopic and geochronological analyses demonstrates that the dykes did not form from a single, progressively differentiating magma chamber, despite having formed in the same tectonic setting around the same time, and that processes such as crustal assimilation and magma mixing/mingling also played a significant role in magma petrogenesis.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geological Sciences

UniBE Contributor:

Villa, Igor Maria


500 Science > 550 Earth sciences & geology






[UNSPECIFIED] The University of Hong Kong




Igor Maria Villa-Toscani

Date Deposited:

08 Feb 2016 11:12

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 14:51

Publisher DOI:


Web of Science ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

Dykes, Ladakh batholith, 40Ar–39Ar dating, Sr–Nd isotope geochemistry




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