Gender stereotypes and the attribution of leadership traits. A cross-cultural comparison

Sczesny, Sabine; Bosak, Janine; Neff, Daniel; Schyns, Birgit (2004). Gender stereotypes and the attribution of leadership traits. A cross-cultural comparison. Sex roles, 51(11), pp. 631-645. Plenum Press 10.1007/s11199-004-0715-0

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In this study, we analyzed cultural variations of managerial gender typing, that is, that managers are perceived as possessing traits that are part of the masculine stereotype. Management students of both sexes from three different countries—Australia, Germany, and India—estimated the percentage to which one of three stimulus groups, that is, executives-in-general (no gender specification), male executives, or female executives, possesses person-orientedand task-oriented leadership traits. Participants also rated the importance of these characteristics for the respective group. Furthermore, another group of participants described themselves regarding the two types of traits and their importance for themselves. Altogether, the results indicate a less traditional view of leadership compared to previous findings, which is very similar in all three countries. Nevertheless, there exists an interculturally shared view of a female-specific leadership competence according to which women possess a higher person orientation than men. The self-descriptions of the female and male management students regarding person- and task-oriented traits were found to be very similar.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Social Neuroscience and Social Psychology

UniBE Contributor:

Sczesny, Sabine and Bosak, Janine


100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology




Plenum Press




Sabine Sczesny

Date Deposited:

09 Feb 2016 14:14

Last Modified:

12 Sep 2017 06:29

Publisher DOI:





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