Associations of Reactive Hyperemia Index and Intravascular Ultrasound-Assessed Coronary Plaque Morphology in Patients With Coronary Artery Disease

Schoenenberger, Andreas W; Urbanek, Nadja; Bergner, Michael; Toggweiler, Stefan; Resink, Thérèse J; Erne, Paul (2012). Associations of Reactive Hyperemia Index and Intravascular Ultrasound-Assessed Coronary Plaque Morphology in Patients With Coronary Artery Disease. American journal of cardiology, 109(12), pp. 1711-6. New York, N.Y.: Elsevier 10.1016/j.amjcard.2012.02.011

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Although reactive hyperemia index (RHI) predicts future coronary events, associations with intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)-assessed coronary plaque structure have not been reported. This study therefore investigated associations between RHI and IVUS-assessed coronary plaques. In 362 patients RHI was measured by noninvasive peripheral arterial tonometry and coronary plaque components (fibrous, fibrofatty, necrotic core, and dense calcium) were identified by IVUS in 594 vessel segments of the left anterior descending, circumflex, and/or right coronary arteries. RHI values <1.67 were considered abnormal. Analysis of variance was used to detect independent associations between RHI and plaque composition. Patients with an abnormal RHI had greater plaque burden (41% vs 39% in patients with normal RHI, p = 0.047). Compared to patients with normal RHI, plaque of patients with abnormal RHI had more necrotic core (21% vs 17%, p <0.001) and dense calcium (19% vs 15%, p <0.001) and less fibrous (49% vs 54%, p <0.001) and fibrofatty (11% vs 14%, p = 0.002) tissue. After adjustment for age, gender, cardiovascular risk factors, and drug therapy, abnormal RHI remained significantly associated with fibrous (F ratio 14.79, p <0.001), fibrofatty (F ratio 5.66, p = 0.018), necrotic core (F ratio 14.47, p <0.001), and dense calcium (F ratio 10.80, p = 0.001) volumes. In conclusion, coronary artery plaques of patients with abnormal RHI had a larger proportion of necrotic core and dense calcium. The association of an abnormal RHI with a plaque structure that is more prone to rupture may explain why these patients exhibit a greater risk of coronary events.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of General Internal Medicine (DAIM) > Geriatric Clinic

UniBE Contributor:

Schoenenberger, Andreas

ISSN:

0002-9149

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:22

Last Modified:

17 Mar 2015 20:59

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.amjcard.2012.02.011

PubMed ID:

22440130

Web of Science ID:

000305729200005

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/7538 (FactScience: 212826)

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