Wound models for periodontal and bone regeneration: the role of biologic research

Sculean, Anton; Chapple, Iain L C; Giannobile, William V (2015). Wound models for periodontal and bone regeneration: the role of biologic research. Periodontology 2000, 68(1), pp. 7-20. Blackwell 10.1111/prd.12091

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The ultimate goals of periodontal therapy remain the complete regeneration of those periodontal tissues lost to the destructive inflammatory-immune response, or to trauma, with tissues that possess the same structure and function, and the re-establishment of a sustainable health-promoting biofilm from one characterized by dysbiosis. This volume of Periodontology 2000 discusses the multiple facets of a transition from therapeutic empiricism during the late 1960s, toward regenerative therapies, which is founded on a clearer understanding of the biophysiology of normal structure and function. This introductory article provides an overview on the requirements of appropriate in vitro laboratory models (e.g. cell culture), of preclinical (i.e. animal) models and of human studies for periodontal wound and bone repair. Laboratory studies may provide valuable fundamental insights into basic mechanisms involved in wound repair and regeneration but also suffer from a unidimensional and simplistic approach that does not account for the complexities of the in vivo situation, in which multiple cell types and interactions all contribute to definitive outcomes. Therefore, such laboratory studies require validatory research, employing preclinical models specifically designed to demonstrate proof-of-concept efficacy, preliminary safety and adaptation to human disease scenarios. Small animal models provide the most economic and logistically feasible preliminary approaches but the outcomes do not necessarily translate to larger animal or human models. The advantages and limitations of all periodontal-regeneration models need to be carefully considered when planning investigations to ensure that the optimal design is adopted to answer the specific research question posed. Future challenges lie in the areas of stem cell research, scaffold designs, cell delivery and choice of growth factors, along with research to ensure appropriate gingival coverage in order to prevent gingival recession during the healing phase.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Periodontology

UniBE Contributor:

Sculean, Anton

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0906-6713

Publisher:

Blackwell

Language:

English

Submitter:

Eveline Carmen Schuler

Date Deposited:

17 Feb 2016 15:48

Last Modified:

11 Sep 2017 15:41

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/prd.12091

PubMed ID:

25867976

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.75620

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/75620

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