Effects of Anxiety on Anticipation and Visual Search in Dynamic, Time-Constrained Situations

Vater, C.; Roca, A.; Williams, A. M. (2015). Effects of Anxiety on Anticipation and Visual Search in Dynamic, Time-Constrained Situations. Sport, exercise, and performance psychology, 5(8), pp. 179-192. American Psychological Association 10.1037/spy0000056

[img] Text
Vater,Roca&Williams_2015SEPP(Effects_of_Anxiety_on_Anticipation_&_Visual_Search_in_Dynamic,Time-Constrained_Situations).pdf - Published Version
Restricted to registered users only
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.

Download (417kB) | Request a copy

We tested the predictions of Attentional Control Theory (ACT) by examining how anxiety affects visual search strategies, performance efficiency, and performance effectiveness using a dynamic, temporal-constrained anticipation task. Higher and lower skilled players viewed soccer situations under 2 task constraints (near vs. far situation) and were tested under high (HA) and low (LA) anxiety conditions. Response accuracy (effectiveness) and response time, perceived mental effort, and eye-movements (all efficiency) were recorded. A significant increase in anxiety was evidenced by higher state anxiety ratings on the MRF-L scale. Increased anxiety led to decreased performance efficiency because response times and mental effort increased for both skill groups whereas response accuracy did not differ. Anxiety influenced search strategies, with higher skilled players showing a decrease in number of fixation locations for far situations under HA compared with LA condition when compared with lower skilled players. Findings provide support for ACT with anxiety impairing processing efficiency and, potentially, top-down attentional control across different task constraints.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW)
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW) > Sport Science IV

UniBE Contributor:

Vater, Christian

Subjects:

700 Arts > 790 Sports, games & entertainment

ISSN:

2157-3905

Publisher:

American Psychological Association

Language:

English

Submitter:

Christian Vater

Date Deposited:

04 Feb 2016 12:18

Last Modified:

09 Oct 2019 14:01

Publisher DOI:

10.1037/spy0000056

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.75636

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/75636

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback