Stable coronary artery disease: revascularisation and invasive strategies

Piccolo, Raffaele; Giustino, Gennaro; Mehran, Roxana; Windecker, Stephan (2015). Stable coronary artery disease: revascularisation and invasive strategies. Lancet, 386(9994), pp. 702-713. Elsevier 10.1016/S0140-6736(15)61220-X

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Stable coronary artery disease is the most common clinical manifestation of ischaemic heart disease and a leading cause of mortality worldwide. Myocardial revascularisation is a mainstay in the treatment of symptomatic patients or those with ischaemia-producing coronary lesions, and reduces ischaemia to a greater extent than medical treatment. Documentation of ischaemia and plaque burden is fundamental in the risk stratification of patients with stable coronary artery disease, and several invasive and non-invasive techniques are available (eg, fractional flow reserve or intravascular ultrasound) or being validated (eg, instantaneous wave-free ratio and optical coherence tomography). The use of new-generation drug-eluting stents and arterial conduits greatly improve clinical outcome in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). PCI is feasible, safe, and effective in many patients with stable coronary artery disease who remain symptomatic despite medical treatment. In patients with multivessel and left main coronary artery disease, the decision between PCI or CABG is guided by the local Heart Team (team of different cardiovascular specialists, including non-invasive and invasive cardiologists, and cardiac surgeons), who carefully judge the possible benefits and risks inherent to PCI and CABG. In specific subsets, such as patients with diabetes and advanced, multivessel coronary artery disease, CABG remains the standard of care in view of improved protection against recurrent ischaemic adverse events.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiology

UniBE Contributor:

Windecker, Stephan

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0140-6736

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Judith Liniger

Date Deposited:

14 Mar 2016 11:01

Last Modified:

14 Mar 2016 11:01

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/S0140-6736(15)61220-X

PubMed ID:

26334162

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.75911

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/75911

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