Electrocardiographic characteristics of patients with funnel chest before and after surgical correction using pectus bar: A new association with precordial J wave pattern.

Tanner, Hildegard; Bischof, Désirée; Roten, Laurent; Hoksch, Beatrix; Seiler, Jens; Schmid, Ralph; Delacrétaz, Etienne (2016). Electrocardiographic characteristics of patients with funnel chest before and after surgical correction using pectus bar: A new association with precordial J wave pattern. Journal of electrocardiology, 49(2), pp. 174-181. Elsevier 10.1016/j.jelectrocard.2015.12.004

[img] Text
1-s2.0-S0022073615004252-main.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to registered users only
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.

Download (1MB) | Request a copy

OBJECTIVE Abnormal ECG findings suggestive of cardiac disease are frequent in patients with funnel chest, although structural heart disease is rare. Electrocardiographic characteristics and changes following new surgical treatments in young adults are not described so far. The aim of the study was to analyze electrocardiographic characteristics of patients with funnel chest before and after minimally invasive funnel chest correction by the Nuss procedure. METHODS Twenty-six patients with surgical correction of funnel chest using pectus bar were included. Twelve-lead ECGs before and later than one year after surgery were analyzed. RESULTS In postoperative ECGs, amplitude of P wave in lead II and negative terminal amplitude of P wave in lead V1 decreased from 0.13 to 0.10mV (p=0.03), and from 0.10 to 0.04mV (p<0.001), respectively. Mean QRS duration decreased from 108ms to 98ms (p=0.003) after correction. A pathological left and right Sokolow-Lyon index was observed in 35% and 23% of patients before, versus 8% (p=0.04) and 0% (p=0.01) after correction, respectively. In contrast, the rate of patients with J wave pattern in precordial leads V4-V6 increased from 8% before to 42% after surgery (p=0.004). CONCLUSIONS ECG abnormalities in patients with funnel chest are frequent, and can normalize after surgical correction by the Nuss procedure. De novo J wave pattern in precordial leads V4-V6 is a frequent finding after surgical funnel chest correction using pectus bar.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DBMR Forschung Mu35 > Forschungsgruppe Kardiologie
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DBMR Forschung Mu35 > Forschungsgruppe Kardiologie

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gastro-intestinal, Liver and Lung Disorders (DMLL) > Clinic of Thoracic Surgery

UniBE Contributor:

Tanner, Hildegard; Roten, Laurent; Hoksch, Beatrix; Seiler, Jens; Schmid, Ralph and Delacrétaz, Etienne

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology

ISSN:

1532-8430

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Laurent Roten

Date Deposited:

24 Feb 2016 16:38

Last Modified:

24 Apr 2017 17:36

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.jelectrocard.2015.12.004

PubMed ID:

26774549

Uncontrolled Keywords:

ECG; funnel chest; pectus bar; precordial J wave pattern; surgical correction

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.75965

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/75965

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback