Length of the Mitral Isthmus But Not Anatomical Location of Ablation Line Predicts Bidirectional Mitral Isthmus Block in Patients Undergoing Catheter Ablation of Persistent Atrial Fibrillation: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Scherr, Daniel; Derval, Nicolas; Sohal, Manav; Pascale, Patrizio; Wright, Matthew; Jadidi, Amir; Komatsu, Yuki; Roten, Laurent; Wilton, Stephen B; Pedersen, Michala; Ramoul, Khaled; Miyazaki, Shinsuke; Shah, Ashok; Linton, Nick; Manninger, Martin; Denis, Arnaud; Hocini, Meleze; Sacher, Frederic; Haissaguerre, Michel; Jais, Pierre; ... (2015). Length of the Mitral Isthmus But Not Anatomical Location of Ablation Line Predicts Bidirectional Mitral Isthmus Block in Patients Undergoing Catheter Ablation of Persistent Atrial Fibrillation: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of cardiovascular electrophysiology, 26(6), pp. 629-634. Wiley-Blackwell 10.1111/jce.12667

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INTRODUCTION

Mitral isthmus (MI) ablation is an effective option in patients undergoing ablation for persistent atrial fibrillation (AF). Achieving bidirectional conduction block across the MI is challenging, and predictors of MI ablation success remain incompletely understood. We sought to determine the impact of anatomical location of the ablation line on the efficacy of MI ablation.

METHODS AND RESULTS

A total of 40 consecutive patients (87% male; 54 ± 10 years) undergoing stepwise AF ablation were included. MI ablation was performed in sinus rhythm. MI ablation was performed from the left inferior PV to either the posterior (group 1) or the anterolateral (group 2) mitral annulus depending on randomization. The length of the MI line (measured with the 3D mapping system) and the amplitude of the EGMs at 3 positions on the MI were measured in each patient. MI block was achieved in 14/19 (74%) patients in group 1 and 15/21 (71%) patients in group 2 (P = NS). Total MI radiofrequency time (18 ± 7 min vs. 17 ± 8 min; P = NS) was similar between groups. Patients with incomplete MI block had a longer MI length (34 ± 6 mm vs. 24 ± 5 mm; P < 0.001), a higher bipolar voltage along the MI (1.75 ± 0.74 mV vs. 1.05 ± 0.69 mV; P < 0.01), and a longer history of continuous AF (19 ± 17 months vs. 10 ± 10 months; P < 0.05). In multivariate analysis, decreased length of the MI was an independent predictor of successful MI block (OR 1.5; 95% CI 1.1-2.1; P < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS

Increased length but not anatomical location of the MI predicts failure to achieve bidirectional MI block during ablation of persistent AF.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiology

UniBE Contributor:

Roten, Laurent

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology

ISSN:

1045-3873

Publisher:

Wiley-Blackwell

Language:

English

Submitter:

Laurent Roten

Date Deposited:

06 Apr 2016 13:28

Last Modified:

07 Apr 2016 22:38

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/jce.12667

PubMed ID:

25786517

Uncontrolled Keywords:

ablation; atrial fibrillation; atrial tachycardia; conduction block; mitral isthmus

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.75967

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/75967

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