In vivo degradation of magnesium plate/screw osteosynthesis implant systems: Soft and hard tissue response in a calvarial model in miniature pigs.

Schaller, Benoît; Saulacic, Nikola; Imwinkelried, Thomas; Beck, Stefan; Liu, Edwin Wei Yang; Gralla, Jan; Nakahara, Ken; Hofstetter, Wilhelm; Iizuka, Tateyuki (2016). In vivo degradation of magnesium plate/screw osteosynthesis implant systems: Soft and hard tissue response in a calvarial model in miniature pigs. Journal of cranio-maxillo-facial surgery, 44(3), pp. 309-317. Elsevier 10.1016/j.jcms.2015.12.009

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Biodegradable magnesium plate/screw osteosynthesis systems were implanted on the frontal bone of adult miniature pigs. The chosen implant geometries were based on existing titanium systems used for the treatment of facial fractures. The aim of this study was to evaluate the in vivo degradation and tissue response of the magnesium alloy WE43 with and without a plasma electrolytic surface coating. Of 14 animals, 6 received magnesium implants with surface modification (coated), 6 without surface modification (uncoated), and 2 titanium implants. Radiological examination of the skull was performed at 1, 4, and 8 weeks post-implantation. After euthanasia at 12 and 24 weeks, X-ray, computed tomography, and microfocus computed tomography analyses and histological and histomorphological examinations of the bone/implant blocks were performed. The results showed a good tolerance of the plate/screw system without wound healing disturbance. In the radiological examination, gas pocket formation was found mainly around the uncoated plates 4 weeks after surgery. The micro-CT and histological analyses showed significantly lower corrosion rates and increased bone density and bone implant contact area around the coated screws compared to the uncoated screws at both endpoints. This study shows promising results for the further development of coated magnesium implants for the osteosynthesis of the facial skeleton.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DBMR Forschung Mu35 > Forschungsgruppe Schädel-, Kiefer- und Gesichtschirurgie
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DBMR Forschung Mu35 > Forschungsgruppe Schädel-, Kiefer- und Gesichtschirurgie

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Craniomaxillofacial Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > Other Institutions > Teaching Staff, Faculty of Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DBMR Forschung Mu35 > Forschungsgruppe Knochenbiologie & Orthopädische Forschung
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DBMR Forschung Mu35 > Forschungsgruppe Knochenbiologie & Orthopädische Forschung

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology and Nuclear Medicine (DRNN) > Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Neuroradiology

UniBE Contributor:

Schaller, Benoît; Saulacic, Nikola; Imwinkelried, Thomas; Gralla, Jan; Nakahara, Ken; Hofstetter, Wilhelm and Iizuka, Tateyuki

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1010-5182

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Martin Zbinden

Date Deposited:

24 Feb 2016 17:10

Last Modified:

09 Jun 2017 11:40

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.jcms.2015.12.009

PubMed ID:

26805919

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Biomaterial; Degradation; Implant; Magnesium; Osteosynthesis

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.75971

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/75971

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