Propionibacterium acnes promotes Th17 and Th17/Th1 responses in acne patients

Kistowska, Magdalena; Meier, Barbara; Proust, Tatiana; Feldmeyer, Laurence; Cozzio, Antonio; Kuendig, Thomas; Contassot, Emmanuel; French, Lars E (2015). Propionibacterium acnes promotes Th17 and Th17/Th1 responses in acne patients. Journal of Investigative Dermatology, 135(1), pp. 110-118. Nature Publishing 10.1038/jid.2014.290

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Propionibacterium acnes is a Gram-positive commensal bacterium thought to be involved in the pathogenesis of acne vulgaris. Although the ability of P. acnes in the initiation of pro-inflammatory responses is well documented, little is known about adaptive immune responses to this bacterium. The observation that infiltrating immune cells consist mainly of CD4(+) T cells in the perifollicular space of early acne lesions suggests that helper T cells may be involved in immune responses caused by the intra-follicular colonization of P. acnes. A recent report showing that P. acnes can induce IL-17 production by T cells suggests that acne might be a T helper type 17 (Th17)-mediated disease. In line with this, we show in this work that, in addition to IL-17A, both Th1 and Th17 effector cytokines, transcription factors, and chemokine receptors are strongly upregulated in acne lesions. Furthermore, we found that, in addition to Th17, P. acnes can promote mixed Th17/Th1 responses by inducing the concomitant secretion of IL-17A and IFN-γ from specific CD4(+) T cells in vitro. Finally, we show that both P. acnes-specific Th17 and Th17/Th1 cells can be found in the peripheral blood of patients suffering from acne and, at lower frequencies, in healthy individuals. We therefore identified P. acnes-responding Th17/Th1 cells as, to our knowledge, a previously unreported CD4(+) subpopulation involved in inflammatory acne.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Dermatology, Urology, Rheumatology, Nephrology, Osteoporosis (DURN) > Clinic of Dermatology

UniBE Contributor:

Feldmeyer, Laurence

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0022-202X

Publisher:

Nature Publishing

Language:

English

Submitter:

Sandra Nyffenegger

Date Deposited:

02 Mar 2016 13:23

Last Modified:

10 Sep 2017 08:49

Publisher DOI:

10.1038/jid.2014.290

PubMed ID:

25010142

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.76269

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/76269

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