Changes of olfactory abilities in relation to age: odor identification in more than 1400 people aged 4 to 80 years

Sorokowska, A; Schriever, V A; Gudziol, V; Hummel, C; Hähner, A; Iannilli, E; Sinding, C; Aziz, M; Seo, H S; Negoias, Simona; Hummel, T (2015). Changes of olfactory abilities in relation to age: odor identification in more than 1400 people aged 4 to 80 years. European archives of oto-rhino-laryngology, 272(8), pp. 1937-1944. Springer 10.1007/s00405-014-3263-4

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The currently presented large dataset (n = 1,422) consists of results that have been assembled over the last 8 years at science fairs using the 16-item odor identification part of the "Sniffin' Sticks". In this context, the focus was on olfactory function in children; in addition before testing, we asked participants to rate their olfactory abilities and the patency of the nasal airways. We reinvestigated some simple questions, e.g., differences in olfactory odor identification abilities in relation to age, sex, self-ratings of olfactory function and nasal patency. Three major results evolved: first, consistent with previously published reports, we found that identification scores of the youngest and the oldest participants were lower than the scores obtained by people aged 20-60. Second, we observed an age-related increase in the olfactory abilities of children. Moreover, the self-assessed olfactory abilities were related to actual performance in the smell test, but only in adults, and self-assessed nasal patency was not related to the "Sniffin' Sticks" identification score.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Ear, Nose and Throat Disorders (ENT)

UniBE Contributor:

Negoias, Simona

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0937-4477

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Markus Huth

Date Deposited:

03 Mar 2016 07:59

Last Modified:

01 Feb 2019 17:58

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00405-014-3263-4

PubMed ID:

25238811

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.76302

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/76302

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