Assessment of the role of LASER-Doppler in the treatment of port-wine stains in infants

Mermod, Tessa; El Ezzi, Oumama; Raffoul, Wassim; Erba, Paolo; de Buys Roessingh, Anthony (2015). Assessment of the role of LASER-Doppler in the treatment of port-wine stains in infants. Journal of pediatric surgery, 50(8), pp. 1388-1392. Elsevier 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2014.12.022

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BACKGROUND Port-wine stains (PWS) are malformations of capillaries in 0.3% of newborn children. The treatment of choice is by pulsed dye LASER (PDL), and requires several sessions. The efficacy of this treatment is at present evaluated on the basis of clinical inspection and of digital photographs taken throughout the treatment. LASER-Doppler imaging (LDI) is a noninvasive method of imaging the perfusion of the tissues by the microcirculatory system (capillaries). The aim of this paper is to demonstrate that LDI allows a quantitative, numerical evaluation of the efficacy of the PDL treatment of PWS. METHOD The PDL sessions were organized according to the usual scheme, every other month, from September 1, 2012, to September 30, 2013. LDI imaging was performed at the start and at the conclusion of the PDL treatment, and simultaneously on healthy skin in order to obtain reference values. The results evidenced by LDI were analyzed according to the "Wilcoxon signed-rank" test before and after each session, and in the intervals between the three PDL treatment sessions. RESULTS Our prospective study is based on 20 new children. On average, the vascularization of the PWS was reduced by 56% after three laser sessions. Compared with healthy skin, initial vascularization of PWS was 62% higher than that of healthy skin at the start of treatment, and 6% higher after three sessions. During the 2 months between two sessions, vascularization of the capillary network increased by 27%. CONCLUSION This study shows that LDI can demonstrate and measure the efficacy of PDL treatment of PWS in children. The figures obtained when measuring the results by LDI corroborate the clinical assessments and may allow us to refine, and perhaps even modify, our present use of PDL and thus improve the efficacy of the treatment.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Ear, Nose and Throat Disorders (ENT)

UniBE Contributor:

Erba, Paolo

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0022-3468

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Markus Huth

Date Deposited:

02 Mar 2016 14:16

Last Modified:

07 Mar 2016 08:31

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2014.12.022

PubMed ID:

25783407

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Angioma, Doppler, LASER

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.76315

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/76315

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