Encouragement to Increase the Use of Psychosocial Skills in the Diagnosis and Therapy of Patients With Functional Dysphonia.

Kollbrunner, Jürg; Seifert, Eberhard (2017). Encouragement to Increase the Use of Psychosocial Skills in the Diagnosis and Therapy of Patients With Functional Dysphonia. Journal of voice, 31(1), 132.e1-132.e7. Mosby 10.1016/j.jvoice.2015.11.021

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Clinicians believe that psychosocial factors play a causal role in the etiology of many forms of functional dysphonia (FD). But for decades, all attempts to confirm such causation have failed. This paper aims to show the logic of this failure, to discuss the possibilities of employing psychology in therapy nonetheless, and to encourage clinicians to use their psychosocial knowledge and skills. The failure to confirm psychic and social factors as causal in the etiology of FD is basically a consequence of a principal shortcoming of evidence-based medicine (EBM). As the gold standard for validity, reliability, and objectivity in medical research, EBM is based on calculability and hence the processing of quantitative data. But life paths and life situations are best or sometimes only expressible in qualitative, experiential, and idiographic terms. Thus EBM-guided evaluation undervalues most psychosocial studies. This report of an experienced multidisciplinary voice team proposes alternative pathways for integrating psychosocial knowledge into the diagnosis and the treatment of FD. The difference between the fields of activity of psychotherapists and speech-language pathologists is discussed, and the latter group is shown the potential benefits of using more of their psychosocial knowledge and skills.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Ear, Nose and Throat Disorders (ENT)

UniBE Contributor:

Kollbrunner, Jürg and Seifert, Eberhard

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0892-1997

Publisher:

Mosby

Language:

English

Submitter:

Markus Huth

Date Deposited:

04 Feb 2016 16:03

Last Modified:

05 Jul 2018 16:59

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.jvoice.2015.11.021

PubMed ID:

26778324

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Conflict over speaking out; Functional dysphonia; Guilt and shame; Harmony and aggressivity; Morbid gain; Psychosocial; SLP and psychotherapeutic techniques

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.76325

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/76325

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