Monepantel irreversibly binds to and opens Haemonchus contortus MPTL-1 and Caenorhabditis elegans ACR-20 receptors.

Baur, Roland; Beech, Robin; Sigel, Erwin; Rufener, Lucien (2015). Monepantel irreversibly binds to and opens Haemonchus contortus MPTL-1 and Caenorhabditis elegans ACR-20 receptors. Molecular pharmacology, 87(1), pp. 96-102. American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 10.1124/mol.114.095653

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Monepantel is a recently developed anthelmintic with a novel mode of action. Parasitic nematodes with reduced sensitivity to monepantel have led to the identification of MPTL-1, a ligand-gated ion-channel subunit of the parasitic nematode Haemonchus contortus, as a potential drug target. Homomeric MPTL-1 channels reconstituted in Xenopus oocytes are gated by µM concentrations of betaine and mM concentrations of choline. Measurement of reversal potentials indicated that the channel has a similar conductance for Na(+) and K(+) ions and does not permeate Ca(2+). Concentrations of monepantel (amino-acetonitrile derivative [AAD]-2225) >0.1 μM, but not its inactive enantiomer AAD-2224, induced channel opening in an irreversible manner. Currents elicited by monepantel alone were larger than the maximal current amplitudes achieved with betaine or choline, making monepantel a superagonist. Currents elicited by betaine or choline were allosterically potentiated by nM concentrations of monepantel and to a much smaller degree by AAD-2224. We have also reconstituted the Caenorhabditis elegans homomeric ACR-20 receptor in Xenopus oocytes. The acr-20 sequence has higher similarity to mptl-1 than acr-23, the primary target for monepantel mode of action in C. elegans. The ACR-20 channel is gated similarly as MPTL-1. Monepantel, but not AAD-2224, was able to induce channel opening in an irreversible manner at similar concentrations as for MPTL-1. Interestingly, the allosteric potentiation measured in the presence of betaine was much smaller than in MPTL-1 receptors. Together, these results establish the mode of action of monepantel in H. contortus and contribute to our understanding of the mode of action of this anthelmintic.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Baur, Roland and Sigel, Erwin

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0026-895X

Publisher:

American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics

Language:

English

Submitter:

Barbara Järmann-Bangerter

Date Deposited:

04 Mar 2016 08:32

Last Modified:

04 Mar 2016 08:32

Publisher DOI:

10.1124/mol.114.095653

PubMed ID:

25352042

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.76356

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/76356

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