Efficacy and safety of calcium channel blocker/diuretics combination therapy in hypertensive patients: a meta-analysis.

Rimoldi, Stefano; Messerli, Franz; Chavez, Patricia; Stefanini, Giulio; Scherrer, Urs (2015). Efficacy and safety of calcium channel blocker/diuretics combination therapy in hypertensive patients: a meta-analysis. Journal of clinical hypertension, 17(3), pp. 193-199. Wiley-Blackwell 10.1111/jch.12462

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Although recent guidelines recommend the combination of calcium channel blockers (CCBs) and thiazide (-like) diuretics, this combination is not widely used in clinical practice. The aim of this meta-analysis was to assess the efficacy and safety of this combination regarding the following endpoints: all-cause and cardiovascular mortality, myocardial infarction, and stroke. Four studies with a total of 30,791 of patients met the inclusion criteria. The combination CCB/thiazide (-like) diuretic was associated with a significant risk reduction for myocardial infarction (risk ratio [RR], 0.83; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.73-0.95) and stroke (RR, 0.77; CI, 0.64-0.92) compared with other combinations, whereas it was similarly effective compared with other combinations in reducing the risk of all-cause (RR, 0.89; CI, 0.75-1.06) and cardiovascular (RR, 0.89; CI 0.71-1.10) mortality. Elderly patients with isolated systolic hypertension may particularly benefit from such a combination, since both drug classes have been shown to confer cerebrovascular protection.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiology

UniBE Contributor:

Rimoldi, Stefano; Messerli, Franz; Stefanini, Giulio and Scherrer, Urs

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology

ISSN:

1524-6175

Publisher:

Wiley-Blackwell

Language:

English

Submitter:

Stefano Rimoldi

Date Deposited:

11 May 2016 13:41

Last Modified:

11 May 2016 13:41

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/jch.12462

PubMed ID:

25556777

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.76412

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/76412

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