Measuring citizens' implicit and explicit attitudes towards the European Union

Maier, Michaela; Maier, Jürgen; Baumert, Anna; Jahn, Nico; Krause, Stefan; Adam, Silke (2015). Measuring citizens' implicit and explicit attitudes towards the European Union. European Union politics, 16(3), pp. 369-385. Sage Publications 10.1177/1465116515577454

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Studies assessing citizens’ attitudes towards Europe have mostly used explicit concepts and measures. However, psychologists have shown that human behaviour is not only determined by explicit attitudes which can be assessed via self-report, but also by implicit attitudes which require indirect measurement. We combine a self-report questionnaire with an implicit Affective Misattribution Procedure for the first time in an online environment to estimate the reliability, validity and predictive power of this implicit measure for the explanation of European Union-skeptical behaviour. Based on a survey with a sample representative for Germany, we found evidence for good reliability and validity of the implicit measure. In addition, the implicit attitude had a significant incremental impact beyond explicit attitudes on citizens’ proneness to engage in EU-skeptical information and voting behaviour.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

03 Faculty of Business, Economics and Social Sciences > Social Sciences > Institute of Mass Communication Studies

UniBE Contributor:

Adam, Silke

Subjects:

300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology

ISSN:

1465-1165

Publisher:

Sage Publications

Language:

English

Submitter:

Beatrice Romann

Date Deposited:

08 Mar 2016 15:06

Last Modified:

12 Mar 2016 05:22

Publisher DOI:

10.1177/1465116515577454

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.76450

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/76450

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