Magnetic resonance imaging and computer tomography of brain lesions in water buffaloes and cattle stunned with handguns or captive bolts

Schwenk, Barbara Kathrin; Lechner, Isabel; Ross, Steffen G.; Gascho, Dominic; Kneubühl, Beat P.; Glardon, Matthieu; Stoffel, Michael Hubert (2016). Magnetic resonance imaging and computer tomography of brain lesions in water buffaloes and cattle stunned with handguns or captive bolts. Meat Science, 113, pp. 35-40. Elsevier 10.1016/j.meatsci.2015.11.010

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Owing to the demand for genuine mozzarella, some 330 water buffaloes are being slaughtered every year in Switzerland albeit a stunning procedure meeting animal welfare and occupational safety requirements remains to be established. To provide a basis for improvements, we sized anatomical specifics in water buffaloes and cattle and we assessed brain lesions after stunning with captive bolts or handguns by diagnostic imaging. In water buffaloes and cattle, the median distance from the frontal skin surface to the inner bone table was 74.0 mm (56.0–100.0 mm) vs 36.6 mm (29.3–44.3 mm) and from skin to the thalamus 144.8 mm (117.1–172.0 mm) vs 102.0 (101.0–121.0 mm), respectively. Consequently, customary captive bolt stunners may be inadequate. Free bullets are potentially suitable for stunning buffaloes but involve occupational safety hazards. The results of the present study shall be used to develop a device allowing effective and safe stunning of water buffaloes.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Research Foci > Veterinary Public Health / Herd Health Management
04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Legal Medicine
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH) > Veterinary Public Health Institute
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH) > Veterinary Anatomy
04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Legal Medicine > Forensic Physics (Ballistics)
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH)

UniBE Contributor:

Schwenk, Barbara Kathrin; Lechner, Isabel; Kneubühl, Beat P.; Glardon, Matthieu and Stoffel, Michael Hubert

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
500 Science > 590 Animals (Zoology)
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
600 Technology > 630 Agriculture

ISSN:

0309-1740

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Miriam Francine Heinzelmann

Date Deposited:

08 Mar 2016 09:55

Last Modified:

17 Jul 2018 15:21

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.meatsci.2015.11.010

PubMed ID:

26610289

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.76654

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/76654

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