Reliability of the cervical vertebrae maturation (CVM) method

Predko-Engel, A; Kaminek, M; Langova, K; Kowalski, P; Fudalej, Piotr (2015). Reliability of the cervical vertebrae maturation (CVM) method. Bratislavské lekárske listy, 116(4), pp. 222-226. Veda 10.4149/BLL_2015_043

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OBJECTIVE To assess the reliability of the cervical vertebrae maturation method (CVM). BACKGROUND Skeletal maturity estimation can influence the manner and time of orthodontic treatment. The CVM method evaluates skeletal growth on the basis of the changes in the morphology of cervical vertebrae C2, C3, C4 during growth. These vertebrae are visible on a lateral cephalogram, so the method does not require an additional radiograph. METHODS In this website based study, 10 orthodontists with a long clinical practice (3 routinely using the method - "Routine user - RU" and 7 with less experience in the CVM method - "Non-Routine user - nonRU") rated twice cervical vertebrae maturation with the CVM method on 50 cropped scans of lateral cephalograms of children in circumpubertal age (for boys: 11.5 to 15.5 years; for girls: 10 to 14 years). Kappa statistics (with lower limits of 95% confidence intervals (CI)) and proportion of complete agreement on staging was used to evaluate intra- and inter-assessor agreement. RESULTS The mean weighted kappa for intra-assessor agreement was 0.44 (range: 0.30-0.64; range of lower limits of 95% CI: 0.12-0.48) and for inter-assessor agreement was 0.28 (range: -0.01-0.58; range of lower limits of 95% CI: -0.14-0.42). The mean proportion of identical scores assigned by the same assessor was 55.2 %(range: 44-74 %) and for different pairs of assessors was 42 % (range: 16-68 %). CONCLUSIONS The reliability of the CVM method is questionable and if orthodontic treatment should be initiated relative to the maximum growth, the use of additional biologic indicators should be considered (Tab. 4, Fig. 1, Ref. 24).

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Orthodontics

UniBE Contributor:

Fudalej, Piotr


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health








Eveline Carmen Schuler

Date Deposited:

08 Mar 2016 16:53

Last Modified:

11 Sep 2017 09:23

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

skeletal age, cervical vertebrae maturation (CVM), reliability of the method




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