Esthetic, Functional, and Everyday Life Assessment of Individuals with Cleft Lip and/or Palate

Gkantidis, Nikolaos; Papamanou, Despina A; Karamolegkou, Marina; Dorotheou, Domna (2015). Esthetic, Functional, and Everyday Life Assessment of Individuals with Cleft Lip and/or Palate. BioMed research international, 2015, p. 510395. Hindawi Publishing Corporation 10.1155/2015/510395

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OBJECTIVES To evaluate the level of satisfaction of individuals with cleft lip and/or palate (CLP) and their parents concerning the esthetic and functional treatment outcomes, the impact of the cleft on everyday life, and potential associations with treatment outcome satisfaction. SUBJECTS AND METHODS The sample consisted of 33 patients (7 CP, 20 unilateral CLP, and 6 bilateral CLP; median age: 17.1, range: 9.0-33.1 years) and 30 parents, who responded to a questionnaire in an interview-guided session. All participants received their orthodontic treatment at the Department of Orthodontics in the University of Athens. RESULTS Patients and their parents were quite satisfied with esthetics and function. Patients with UCLP primarily were concerned about nose esthetics (BCLP about lip esthetics and CP about speech). Increased satisfaction was associated with decreased influence of the cleft in everyday life (0.35 < rho < 0.64, P < 0.05). Parents reported significant influence of the cleft on family life, while patients did not. CONCLUSIONS Despite the limited sample size of subgroups, the main concerns of patients with different cleft types and the importance of satisfying lip, nose, and speech outcomes for an undisturbed everyday life were quite evident. Thus, the need for targeted treatment strategies is highlighted for individuals with cleft lip and/or palate.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Orthodontics

UniBE Contributor:

Gkantidis, Nikolaos

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

2314-6133

Publisher:

Hindawi Publishing Corporation

Language:

English

Submitter:

Eveline Carmen Schuler

Date Deposited:

23 Feb 2016 16:30

Last Modified:

11 Sep 2017 09:19

Publisher DOI:

10.1155/2015/510395

PubMed ID:

26064918

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.76790

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/76790

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