First Signs of Emerging Psychosis

Schultze-Lutter, F (2016). First Signs of Emerging Psychosis. In: Riecher-Rössler, A.; McGorry, P.D. (eds.) Early Detection and Intervention in Psychosis. Key Issues in Mental Health: Vol. 181 (pp. 29-41). Basel: S. Karger AG 10.1159/000440912

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The majority of first-episode psychoses are preceded by a prodromal phase that is several years on average, frequently leads to some decline in psychosocial functioning and offers the opportunity for early detection within the framework of an indicated prevention. To this, two approaches are currently mainly followed. The ultra-high-risk (UHR) criteria were explicitly developed to predict first-episode psychosis within 12 months, and indeed the majority of conversions in clinical UHR samples seem to occur within the first 12 months of initial assessment. Their main criterion, the attenuated psychotic symptoms criterion, captures symptoms that resemble positive symptoms of psychosis (i.e. delusions, hallucinations and formal thought disorders) with the exception that some level of insight is still maintained, and these frequently compromise functioning already. In contrast, the basic symptom criteria try to catch patients at increased risk of psychoses at the earliest possible time, i.e. ideally when only the first subtle disturbances in information processing have developed that are experienced with full insight and do not yet overload the person's coping abilities, and thus have not yet resulted in any functional decline. First results from prospective studies not only support this view, but indicate that the combination of both approaches might be a more favorable way to increase sensitivity and detect risk earlier, as well as to establish a change-sensitive risk stratification approach.

Item Type:

Book Section (Book Chapter)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > University Psychiatric Services > University Hospital of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Psychiatric Services > University Hospital of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy > Research Division

UniBE Contributor:

Schultze-Lutter, Frauke

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISBN:

978-3-318-05620-4

Series:

Key Issues in Mental Health

Publisher:

S. Karger AG

Language:

English

Submitter:

Fabienne Bolliger

Date Deposited:

27 Apr 2016 11:28

Last Modified:

09 Feb 2017 10:59

Publisher DOI:

10.1159/000440912

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/76912

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