Erosive tooth wear and wedge-shaped defects in 1996 and 2006: cross- sectional surveys of Swiss army recruits.

Lussi, Adrian; Strub, Matthias; Schürch, Ernst; Schaffner, Markus; Bürgin, Walter Bruno; Jaeggi, Thomas (2015). Erosive tooth wear and wedge-shaped defects in 1996 and 2006: cross- sectional surveys of Swiss army recruits. Swiss dental journal, 125(1), pp. 13-27. Schweizerische Zahnärzte-Gesellschaft SSO

[img] Text
Erosive tooth wear and wedge-shaped.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to registered users only
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.

Download (535kB) | Request a copy

The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and possible etiological factors of erosive tooth wear and wedge-shaped defects in Swiss Army recruits and compare the findings with those of an analogous study conducted in 1996. In 2006, 621 recruits between 18 and 25 years of age (1996: 417 recruits; ages 19 to 25) were examined for erosive tooth wear and wedge-shaped defects. Additional data was acquired using a questionnaire about personal details, education, dentitions subjective condition, oral hygiene, eating and drinking habits, medications used, and general medical problems. In 2006, 60.1% of those examined exhibited occlusal erosive tooth wear not involving the dentin (1996: 82.0%) and 23.0% involving the dentin (1996: 30.7%). Vestibular erosive tooth wear without dentin involvement was seen in 7.7% in 2006 vs. 14.4% in 1996. Vestibular erosive tooth wear with dentin involvement was rare in both years (0.5%). Oral erosive tooth wear lacking exposed dentin was also rare in those years, although more teeth were affected in 2006 (2.1%) than in 1996 (0.7%). The examinations in 2006 found one or more initial wedge-shaped lesions in 8.5% of the recruits, while 20.4% of the study participants exhibited such in 1996. In 1996, 53% consumed acidic foods and beverages more than 5 times/day; in 2006, 83.9% did so. In neither study did multivariate regression analyses show any significant correlations between occurrence and location of erosive tooth wear and wedge-shaped defects and various other parameters, e.g., eating and hygiene habits, or dentin hyper-sensitivity. Despite a significant increase in consumption of acidic products between 1996 and 2006, the latter study found both fewer erosive tooth wear and fewer wedge-shaped defects (i.e., fewer non-carious lesions.).

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Preventive, Restorative and Pediatric Dentistry
04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > School of Dental Medicine, Research
04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Lussi, Adrian; Strub, Matthias; Schürch, Ernst; Schaffner, Markus; Bürgin, Walter Bruno and Jaeggi, Thomas

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

2296-6498

Publisher:

Schweizerische Zahnärzte-Gesellschaft SSO

Language:

German

Submitter:

Eveline Carmen Schuler

Date Deposited:

17 Mar 2016 10:10

Last Modified:

11 Sep 2017 17:33

PubMed ID:

25591747

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Dental erosion, erosive tooth wear, non-carious cervical lesions, NCCL, wedge-shaped defect

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.77058

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/77058

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback