Variable effects of the conserved RNA hairpin element upon 3' end processing of histone pre-mRNA in vitro.

Streit, A; Koning, T W; Soldati, D; Melin, L; Schümperli, Daniel (1993). Variable effects of the conserved RNA hairpin element upon 3' end processing of histone pre-mRNA in vitro. Nucleic acids research, 21(7), pp. 1569-1575. Information Retrieval Ltd.

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We have studied the requirements for efficient histone-specific RNA 3' processing in nuclear extract from mammalian tissue culture cells. Processing is strongly impaired by mutations in the pre-mRNA spacer element that reduce the base-pairing potential with U7 RNA. Moreover, by exchanging the hairpin and spacer elements of two differently processed H4 genes, we find that this difference is exclusively due to the spacer element. Finally, processing is inhibited by the addition of competitor RNAs, if these contain a wild-type spacer sequence, but not if their spacer element is mutated. Conversely, the importance of the hairpin for histone RNA 3' processing is highly variable: A hairpin mutant of the H4-12 gene is processed with almost wild-type efficiency in extract from K21 mouse mastocytoma cells but is strongly affected in HeLa cell extract, whereas an identical hairpin mutant of the H4-1 gene is affected in both extracts. The hairpin defect of H4-12-specific RNA in HeLa cells can be overcome by a compensatory mutation that increases the base complementarity to U7 snRNA. Very similar results were also obtained in RNA competition experiments: processing of H4-12-specific RNA can be competed by RNA carrying a wild-type hairpin element in extract from HeLa, but not K21 cells, whereas processing of H4-1-specific RNA can be competed in both extracts. With two additional histone genes we obtained results that were in one case intermediate and in the other similar to those obtained with H4-1. These results suggest that hairpin binding factor(s) can cooperatively support the ability of U7 snRNPs to form an active processing complex, but is(are) not directly involved in the processing mechanism.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Cell Biology > RNA
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Cell Biology

UniBE Contributor:

Schümperli, Daniel

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology

ISSN:

0305-1048

Publisher:

Information Retrieval Ltd.

Language:

English

Submitter:

Daniel Schümperli

Date Deposited:

10 Mar 2016 15:48

Last Modified:

10 Mar 2016 15:48

PubMed ID:

8479907

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.77091

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/77091

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