The modulation of reading strategies by language opacity in early bilinguals: an eye movement study

De León Rodríguez, Diego; Bütler, Karin; Eggenberger, Noëmi; Preisig, Basil C.; Schumacher, Rahel; Laganaro, Marina; Nyffeler, Thomas; Annoni, Jean-Marie; Müri, René Martin (2015). The modulation of reading strategies by language opacity in early bilinguals: an eye movement study. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 19(03), pp. 567-577. Cambridge University Press 10.1017/S1366728915000310

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Converging evidences from eye movement experiments indicate that linguistic contexts influence reading strategies. However, the question of whether different linguistic contexts modulate eye movements during reading in the same bilingual individuals remains unresolved. We examined reading strategies in a transparent (German) and an opaque (French) language of early, highly proficient French–German bilinguals: participants read aloud isolated French and German words and pseudo-words while the First Fixation Location (FFL), its duration and latency were measured. Since transparent linguistic contexts and pseudo-words would favour a direct grapheme/phoneme conversion, the reading strategy should be more local for German than for French words (FFL closer to the beginning) and no difference is expected in pseudo-words’ FFL between contexts. Our results confirm these hypotheses, providing the first evidence that the same individuals engage different reading strategy depending on language opacity, suggesting that a given brain process can be modulated by a given context.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


10 Strategic Research Centers > ARTORG Center for Biomedical Engineering Research > ARTORG Center - Gerontechnology and Rehabilitation
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DCR Unit Sahli Building > Forschungsgruppe Neurologie

Graduate School:

Graduate School for Cellular and Biomedical Sciences (GCB)

UniBE Contributor:

Bütler, Karin; Eggenberger, Noëmi; Schumacher, Rahel; Nyffeler, Thomas and Müri, René Martin


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health




Cambridge University Press




Romina Theiler

Date Deposited:

17 Mar 2016 08:56

Last Modified:

07 Jun 2018 17:39

Publisher DOI:





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