Hemodynamics analyses in treated and untreated carotid arteries of the same patient: A preliminary study based on three patient cases

Mei, Yuqian; Müller-Eschner, Matthias; Yi, Jie; Zhang, Zhaotong; Chen, Duanduan; Kronlage, Moritz; Von Tengg-Kobligk, Hendrik; Kauczor, Hans-Ulrich; Böckler, Dittmar; Demirel, Serdar (2015). Hemodynamics analyses in treated and untreated carotid arteries of the same patient: A preliminary study based on three patient cases. Bio-medical materials and engineering, 26(Suppl 1), S299-309. IOS Press 10.3233/BME-151317

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Carotid atherosclerotic disease is highly related to cerebrovascular events. Carotid endarterectomy is the common operation method to treat this disease. In this study, hemodynamics analyses are performed on the carotid arteries in three patients, whose right carotid artery had been treated by carotid endarterectomy and the left carotid artery remained untreated. Flow and loading conditions are compared between these treated and untreated carotid arteries and evaluation of the operative results is discussed. Patient-specific models are reconstructed from MDCT data. Intraoperative ultrasound flow measurements are performed on the treated carotid arteries and the obtained data are used as the boundary conditions of the models and the validations of the computational results. Finite volume method is employed to solve the transport equations and the flow and loading conditions of the models are reported. The results indicate that: (i) in two of the three patients, the internal-to-external flow rate ratio in the untreated carotid artery is larger than that in the treated one, and the average overall flow split ratio by summing up the data of both the left and right carotid arteries is about 2.15; (ii) in the carotid bulb, high wall shear stress occurs at the bifurcation near the external carotid artery in all of the cases without hard plaques; (iii) the operated arteries present low time-averaged wall shear stress at the carotid bulb, especially for the treated arteries with patch technique, indicating the possibility of the recurrence of stenosis; (iv) high temporal gradient of wall shear stress (>35 Pa/s) is shown in the narrowing regions along the vessels; and (v) in the carotid arteries without serious stenosis, the maximum velocity magnitude during mid-diastole is 32~37% of that at systolic peak, however, in the carotid artery with 50% stenosis by hard plaques, this value is nearly doubled (64%). The computational work quantifies flow and loading distributions in the treated and untreated carotid arteries of the same patient, contributing to evaluation of the operative results and indicating the recurrent sites of potential atheromatous plaques.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology and Nuclear Medicine (DRNN) > Institute of Diagnostic, Interventional and Paediatric Radiology

UniBE Contributor:

Von Tengg-Kobligk, Hendrik


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health




IOS Press




Aisha Stefania Mzinga

Date Deposited:

17 Mar 2016 09:39

Last Modified:

18 Mar 2016 08:45

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

Carotid artery; carotid endarterectomy; computational fluid dynamics; hemodynamics





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