Association between various physical factors and acute thoracolumbar intervertebral disk extrusion or protrusion in Dachshunds.

Levine, Jonathan M; Levine, Gwendolyn J; Kerwin, Sharon C; Hettlich, Bianca Felicitas; Fosgate, Geoffrey T (2006). Association between various physical factors and acute thoracolumbar intervertebral disk extrusion or protrusion in Dachshunds. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 229(3), pp. 370-375. American Veterinary Medical Association 10.2460/javma.229.3.370

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OBJECTIVE To determine whether body weight, body condition score, or various body dimensions were associated with acute thoracolumbar intervertebral disk extrusion or protrusion and whether any of these factors were associated with severity of clinical signs in Dachshunds. DESIGN Cross-sectional clinical study. ANIMALS 75 Dachshunds with (n = 39) or without (36) acute thoracolumbar intervertebral disk extrusion or protrusion. PROCEDURES Signalment, various body measurements, body weight, body condition score, and spinal cord injury grade were recorded at the time of initial examination. RESULTS Mean T1-S1 distance and median tuber calcaneus-to-patellar tendon (TC-PT) distance were significantly shorter in affected than in unaffected dogs. A 1-cm decrease in T1-S1 distance was associated with a 2.1-times greater odds of being affected, and a 1-cm decrease in TC-PT distance was associated with an 11.1-times greater odds of being affected. Results of multivariable logistic regression also indicated that affected dogs were taller at the withers and had a larger pelvic circumference than unaffected dogs, after adjusting for other body measurements. Results of ordinal logistic regression indicated that longer T1-S1 distance, taller height at the withers, and smaller pelvic circumference were associated with more severe spinal cord injury. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE Results suggest that certain body dimensions may be associated with acute thoracolumbar intervertebral disk extrusion or protrusion in Dachshunds and, in affected dogs, with severity of neurologic dysfunction.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV)
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > Small Animal Clinic > Small Animal Clinic, Surgery
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > Small Animal Clinic

UniBE Contributor:

Hettlich, Bianca Felicitas

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0003-1488

Publisher:

American Veterinary Medical Association

Language:

English

Submitter:

Bianca Felicitas Hettlich

Date Deposited:

30 Mar 2016 15:39

Last Modified:

30 Mar 2016 15:39

Publisher DOI:

10.2460/javma.229.3.370

PubMed ID:

16881827

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/77359

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