Systematic literature review of digital three-dimensional superimposition techniques to create virtual dental patients

Joda, Tim; Brägger, Urs; Gallucci, German (2015). Systematic literature review of digital three-dimensional superimposition techniques to create virtual dental patients. International journal of oral & maxillofacial implants, 30(2), pp. 330-337. Quintessence Publ. 10.11607/jomi.3852

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PURPOSE Digital developments have led to the opportunity to compose simulated patient models based on three-dimensional (3D) skeletal, facial, and dental imaging. The aim of this systematic review is to provide an update on the current knowledge, to report on the technical progress in the field of 3D virtual patient science, and to identify further research needs to accomplish clinical translation. MATERIALS AND METHODS Searches were performed electronically (MEDLINE and OVID) and manually up to March 2014 for studies of 3D fusion imaging to create a virtual dental patient. Inclusion criteria were limited to human studies reporting on the technical protocol for superimposition of at least two different 3D data sets and medical field of interest. RESULTS Of the 403 titles originally retrieved, 51 abstracts and, subsequently, 21 full texts were selected for review. Of the 21 full texts, 18 studies were included in the systematic review. Most of the investigations were designed as feasibility studies. Three different types of 3D data were identified for simulation: facial skeleton, extraoral soft tissue, and dentition. A total of 112 patients were investigated in the development of 3D virtual models. CONCLUSION Superimposition of data on the facial skeleton, soft tissue, and/or dentition is a feasible technique to create a virtual patient under static conditions. Three-dimensional image fusion is of interest and importance in all fields of dental medicine. Future research should focus on the real-time replication of a human head, including dynamic movements, capturing data in a single step.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Division of Fixed Prosthodontics [discontinued]

UniBE Contributor:

Joda, Tim and Brägger, Urs


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health




Quintessence Publ.




Eveline Carmen Schuler

Date Deposited:

29 Mar 2016 09:38

Last Modified:

29 Mar 2016 09:38

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

computer-assisted image processing, digital dental medicine, image fusion, patient simulation, superimposition


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