Computer Assisted Diagnosis and Treatment Planning of Femoroacetabular Impingement (FAI)

Albers, Christoph E.; Hanke, Markus S.; Ecker, Timo M.; Haefeli, Pascal C.; Siebenrock, Klaus A.; Steppacher, Simon D.; Zurmühle, Corinne A.; Schwab, Joseph M.; Tannast, Moritz (2015). Computer Assisted Diagnosis and Treatment Planning of Femoroacetabular Impingement (FAI). In: Zheng, Guoyan; Li, Shuo (eds.) Computational Radiology for Orthopaedic Interventions. Lecture Notes in Computational Vision and Biomechanics: Vol. 23 (pp. 173-196). Cham: Springer International Publishing 10.1007/978-3-319-23482-3_9

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Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is a dynamic conflict of the hip defined by a pathological, early abutment of the proximal femur onto the acetabulum or pelvis. In the past two decades, FAI has received increasing focus in both research and clinical practice as a cause of hip pain and prearthrotic deformity. Anatomical abnormalities such as an aspherical femoral head (cam-type FAI), a focal or general overgrowth of the acetabulum (pincer-type FAI), a high riding greater or lesser trochanter (extra-articular FAI), or abnormal torsion of the femur have been identified as underlying pathomorphologies. Open and arthroscopic treatment options are available to correct the deformity and to allow impingement-free range of motion. In routine practice, diagnosis and treatment planning of FAI is based on clinical examination and conventional imaging modalities such as standard radiography, magnetic resonance arthrography (MRA), and computed tomography (CT). Modern software tools allow three-dimensional analysis of the hip joint by extracting pelvic landmarks from two-dimensional antero-posterior pelvic radiographs. An object-oriented cross-platform program (Hip2Norm) has been developed and validated to standardize pelvic rotation and tilt on conventional AP pelvis radiographs. It has been shown that Hip2Norm is an accurate, consistent, reliable and reproducible tool for the correction of selected hip parameters on conventional radiographs. In contrast to conventional imaging modalities, which provide only static visualization, novel computer assisted tools have been developed to allow the dynamic analysis of FAI pathomechanics. In this context, a validated, CT-based software package (HipMotion) has been introduced. HipMotion is based on polygonal three-dimensional models of the patient’s pelvis and femur. The software includes simulation methods for range of motion, collision detection and accurate mapping of impingement areas. A preoperative treatment plan can be created by performing a virtual resection of any mapped impingement zones both on the femoral head-neck junction, as well as the acetabular rim using the same three-dimensional models. The following book chapter provides a summarized description of current computer-assisted tools for the diagnosis and treatment planning of FAI highlighting the possibility for both static and dynamic evaluation, reliability and reproducibility, and its applicability to routine clinical use.

Item Type:

Book Section (Book Chapter)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Orthopaedic, Plastic and Hand Surgery (DOPH) > Clinic of Orthopaedic Surgery

UniBE Contributor:

Albers, Christoph; Hanke, Markus; Ecker, Timo; Haefeli, Pascal; Siebenrock, Klaus-Arno; Steppacher, Simon Damian; Zurmühle, Corinne Andrea and Tannast, Moritz

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

2212-9391

ISBN:

978-3-319-23481-6

Series:

Lecture Notes in Computational Vision and Biomechanics

Publisher:

Springer International Publishing

Language:

English

Submitter:

Fabian Röthlisberger

Date Deposited:

29 Mar 2016 16:07

Last Modified:

29 Mar 2016 16:07

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/978-3-319-23482-3_9

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/77421

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