Systemic and hepatic vein galectin-3 are increased in patients with alcoholic liver cirrhosis and negatively correlate with liver function

Wanninger, Josef; Weigert, Johanna; Wiest, Reiner; Bauer, Sabrina; Karrasch, Thomas; Farkas, Stefan; Scherer, Marcus N; Walter, Roland; Weiss, Thomas S; Hellerbrand, Claus; Neumeier, Markus; Schäffler, Andreas; Buechler, Christa (2011). Systemic and hepatic vein galectin-3 are increased in patients with alcoholic liver cirrhosis and negatively correlate with liver function. Cytokine, 55(3), pp. 435-40. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders 10.1016/j.cyto.2011.06.001

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Recently we demonstrated higher galectin-3 in portal venous serum (PVS) compared to hepatic venous serum (HVS) in a small cohort of patients with normal liver function suggesting hepatic removal of galectin-3. Here, galectin-3 was measured by ELISA in PVS, HVS and systemic venous blood (SVS) of 33 patients with alcoholic liver cirrhosis and a larger cohort of 11 patients with normal liver function. Galectin-3 was cleared by the healthy but not the cirrhotic liver, and subsequently HVS and SVS galectin-3 levels were significantly increased in the patients with liver cirrhosis compared to controls. In healthy liver galectin-3 was produced by cholangiocytes and synthesis by hepatocytes was only observed in cirrhotic liver. Hepatic venous pressure gradient did not correlate with galectin-3 levels excluding hepatic shunting as the principal cause of higher SVS galectin-3. Galectin-3 was elevated in all blood compartments of patients with CHILD-PUGH stage C compared to patients with CHILD-PUGH stage A, and was higher in patients with ascites than patients without this complication. Galectin-3 was negatively associated with antithrombin-3 whose synthesis is reduced with worse liver function. Galectin-3 positively correlated with urea and creatinine, and PVS galectin-3 showed a negative association with creatinine clearance as an accepted measure of kidney function. To summarize in the current study systemic, portal and hepatic levels of galectin-3 were found to be negatively associated with liver function in patients with alcoholic liver cirrhosis and this may in part be related to impaired hepatic removal and/or increased synthesis in cirrhotic liver.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Further Contribution)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gastro-intestinal, Liver and Lung Disorders (DMLL) > Clinic of Visceral Surgery and Medicine > Gastroenterology

UniBE Contributor:

Wiest, Reiner








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Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:23

Last Modified:

17 Mar 2015 21:01

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URI: (FactScience: 213094)

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