Physical activity and liver diseases

Berzigotti, Annalisa; Saran, Uttara; Dufour, Jean-François (2015). Physical activity and liver diseases. Hepatology, 63(3), pp. 1026-1040. Wiley Interscience 10.1002/hep.28132

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Regular physical activity beneficially impacts the risk of onset and progression of several chronic diseases. However, research regarding the effects of exercising on chronic liver diseases is relatively recent. Most authors focused on non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), in which increasing clinical and experimental data indicate that skeletal muscle cross-talking to the adipose tissue and the liver regulates intrahepatic fat storage. In this setting physical activity is considered required in combination with calories restriction to allow an effective decrease of intrahepatic lipid component, and despite that evidence is not conclusive, some studies suggest that vigorous activity might be more beneficial than moderate activity to improve NAFLD/NASH. Evidence regarding the effects of exercise on the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma is scarce; some epidemiological studies indicate a lower risk in patients regularly and vigorously exercising. In compensated cirrhosis exercise acutely increases portal pressure, but in longer term it has been proved safe and probably beneficial. Decreased aerobic capacity (VO2) correlates with mortality in patients with decompensated cirrhosis, who are almost invariably sarcopenic. In these patients VO2 is improved by physical activity, which might also reduce the risk of hepatic encephalopathy through an increase in skeletal muscle mass. In solid organ transplantation recipients exercise is able to improve lean mass, muscle strength and as a consequence, aerobic capacity. Few data exist in liver transplant recipients, in whom exercise should be object of future studies given its high potential of providing long-term beneficial effects. Despite evidence is far from complete, physical activity should be seen as an important part of the management of patients with liver disease in order to improve their clinical outcome. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gastro-intestinal, Liver and Lung Disorders (DMLL) > Clinic of Visceral Surgery and Medicine > Hepatology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DBMR Forschung Mu35 > Forschungsgruppe Hepatologie
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DBMR Forschung Mu35 > Forschungsgruppe Hepatologie

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gastro-intestinal, Liver and Lung Disorders (DMLL) > Clinic of Visceral Surgery and Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Berzigotti, Annalisa; Saran, Uttara and Dufour, Jean-François

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0270-9139

Publisher:

Wiley Interscience

Language:

English

Submitter:

Lilian Karin Smith-Wirth

Date Deposited:

31 Mar 2016 15:38

Last Modified:

15 May 2016 11:50

Publisher DOI:

10.1002/hep.28132

PubMed ID:

26313307

Uncontrolled Keywords:

AMPK Chronic liver disease NAFLD cirrhosis portal hypertension exercise hepatocellular carcinoma insulin resistance liver transplantation training weight loss

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.77708

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/77708

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