Standardized pelvic floor exercises improve stress urinary incontinence in women with intrinsic sphincter deficiency.

Lehmann, Corinne; Zipponi, Ingrid; Baumann, Marc Ulrich; Radlinger, Lorenz; Mueller, Michael; Kuhn, Annette (2015). Standardized pelvic floor exercises improve stress urinary incontinence in women with intrinsic sphincter deficiency. Neurourology and urodynamics, 35(6), n/a-n/a. Wiley-Liss 10.1002/nau.22779

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OBJECTIVES Pelvic floor rehabilitation is the conservative therapy of choice for women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI). The success rate of surgical procedures in SUI patients with intrinsic sphincter deficiency (ISD) is low. The aim of this study was to analyse the effect of a standardized physiotherapy on patients with SUI and normotonic urethra and ISD. METHODS In this study, 64 patients with ISD and 69 patients with normotonic urethra were enrolled. Maximum urethral pressure (MUCP) >20 cm H2 O was considered as normotonic urethral pressure. Before and after physiotherapy MUCP was measured and cough testing was performed. Additionally, patient reported outcome was assessed using the King's Health Questionnaire (KHQ). For statistical analyses Excel 2010 (Microsoft Inc; Redmond, Washington) and SPSS 20 (SPSS Inc; Chicago, Illinois) for Windows were used. Power calculation was based on the primary endpoint incontinence impact and general health. For power calculation, GraphPad Statmate version 2.00 for Windows was used. RESULTS Sixty-four patients with ISD and 69 patients with normotonic urethra were included in the study. In SUI patients with normotonic and hypotonic urethra KHQ-scores regarding the primary endpoins "general health" and "incontinence impact" significantly improved following standardized physiotherapy. In both groups MUCP increased after physiotherapy. In SUI patients with ISD standardized physiotherapy resulted in a decreased incidence of a positive cough test. CONCLUSIONS Standardized physiotherapy should be offered to patients with SUI and ISD. Long-term results are subject to future studies. Neurourol. Urodynam. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Gynaecology

UniBE Contributor:

Baumann, Marc Ulrich; Mueller, Michael and Kuhn, Annette

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0733-2467

Publisher:

Wiley-Liss

Language:

English

Submitter:

Monika Zehr

Date Deposited:

06 Apr 2016 16:51

Last Modified:

24 Jul 2016 02:05

Publisher DOI:

10.1002/nau.22779

PubMed ID:

25926301

Uncontrolled Keywords:

intrinsic spincter deficiency; king's health questionnaire; quality of life; stress urinary incontinence

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.77795

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/77795

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