TET inducible expression of the α4β7-integrin ligand MAdCAM-1 on the blood-brain barrier does not influence the immunopathogenesis of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis

Döring, Axinia; Pfeiffer, Friederike; Meier, Matthias; Dehouck, Bénédicte; Tauber, Silke; Deutsch, Urban; Engelhardt, Britta (2011). TET inducible expression of the α4β7-integrin ligand MAdCAM-1 on the blood-brain barrier does not influence the immunopathogenesis of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis. European journal of immunology, 41(3), pp. 813-21. Weinheim: Wiley-VCH 10.1002/eji.201040912

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Inhibiting the α4 subunit of the integrin heterodimers α4β1 and α4β7 with the mab natalizumab is an effective treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS). Which of the two α4 heterodimers is involved in disease pathogenesis has, however, remained controversial. Whereas the development of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), an animal model of MS, is ameliorated in β7-integrin-deficient C57BL/6 mice, neutralizing antibodies against the β7-integrin subunit or the α4β7-integrin heterodimer fail to interfere with EAE pathogenesis in the SJL mouse. To facilitate α4β7-integrin-mediated immune-cell trafficking across the blood-brain barrier (BBB), we established transgenic C57BL/6 mice with endothelial cell-specific, inducible expression of the α4β7-integrin ligand mucosal addressin cell adhesion molecule (MAdCAM)-1 using the tetracycline (TET)-OFF system. Although TET-regulated MAdCAM-1 induced α4β7-integrin mediated interaction of α4β7(+) /α4β1(-) T cells with the BBB in vitro and in vivo, it failed to influence EAE pathogenesis in C57BL/6 mice. TET-regulated MAdCAM-1 on the BBB neither changed the localization of central nervous system (CNS) perivascular inflammatory cuffs nor did it enhance the percentage of α4β7-integrin(+) inflammatory cells within the CNS during EAE. In conclusion, our study demonstrates that ectopic expression of MAdCAM-1 at the BBB does not increase α4β7-integrin-mediated immune cell trafficking into the CNS during MOG(aa35-55)-induced EAE.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Theodor Kocher Institute

UniBE Contributor:

Deutsch, Urban and Engelhardt, Britta

ISSN:

0014-2980

Publisher:

Wiley-VCH

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:23

Last Modified:

06 Dec 2013 13:28

Publisher DOI:

10.1002/eji.201040912

PubMed ID:

21341265

Web of Science ID:

000288097700026

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/7794 (FactScience: 213130)

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