[Smoking and digestive tract: a complex relationship. Part 2: Intestinal microblota and cigarette smoking]

Begon, Jacques; Juillerat, Pascal; Cornuz, Jacques; Clair, Carole (2015). [Smoking and digestive tract: a complex relationship. Part 2: Intestinal microblota and cigarette smoking]. Revue médicale suisse, 11(478), pp. 1304-1306. Médecine & Hygiène

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)

The digestive tract is colonized from birth by a bacterial population called the microbiota which influences the development of the immune system. Modifications in its composition are associated with problems such as obesity or inflammatory bowel diseases. Antibiotics are known to influence the intestinal microbiota but other environmental factors such as cigarette smoking also seem to have an impact on its composition. This influence might partly explain weight gain which is observed after smoking cessation. Indeed there is a modification of the gut microbiota which becomes similar to that of obese people with a microbiotical profile which is more efficient to extract calories from ingested food. These new findings open new fields of diagnostic and therapeutic approaches through the regulation of the microbiota.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gastro-intestinal, Liver and Lung Disorders (DMLL) > Clinic of Visceral Surgery and Medicine > Gastroenterology

UniBE Contributor:

Juillerat, Pascal

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0025-6749

Publisher:

Médecine & Hygiène

Language:

French

Submitter:

Lilian Karin Smith-Wirth

Date Deposited:

05 Apr 2016 10:23

Last Modified:

05 Apr 2016 10:23

PubMed ID:

26211089

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/78453

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback