[Smoking and digestive tract: a complex relationship. Part 1: Inflammatory bowel disease and cigarette smoking]

Begon, Jacques; Juillerat, Pascal; Cornuz, Jacques; Clair, Carole (2015). [Smoking and digestive tract: a complex relationship. Part 1: Inflammatory bowel disease and cigarette smoking]. Revue médicale suisse, 11(478), pp. 1282-1287. Médecine & Hygiène

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Little is known about the effects of smoking on inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). However the co-occurrence of smoking and IBD often happens in ambulatory care. Smokers have a doubled risk of developing a Crohn's disease with a more active disease course. After quitting, a decrease in risk can be observed after only one year. An inverse relationship is found between smoking and ulcerative colitis. Smoking seems protective for the development of the disease and its course is less active among smokers. Smoking cessation transitorily increases the risk of developing ulcerative colitis. Nevertheless, continuing smoking cannot be justified among those patients given the risks of long-term extra-digestive effects. It is thus important to counsel all smokers with an IBD to quit smoking.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gastro-intestinal, Liver and Lung Disorders (DMLL) > Clinic of Visceral Surgery and Medicine > Gastroenterology

UniBE Contributor:

Juillerat, Pascal

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0025-6749

Publisher:

Médecine & Hygiène

Language:

French

Submitter:

Lilian Karin Smith-Wirth

Date Deposited:

05 Apr 2016 10:22

Last Modified:

05 Apr 2016 10:22

PubMed ID:

26211085

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/78454

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