Measurement of fecal elastase improves performance of newborn screening for cystic fibrosis.

Barben, Juerg; Rueegg, Corina S; Jurca, Maja; Spalinger, Johannes; Kuehni, Claudia E (2016). Measurement of fecal elastase improves performance of newborn screening for cystic fibrosis. Journal of cystic fibrosis, 15(3), pp. 313-317. Elsevier 10.1016/j.jcf.2015.12.024

[img] Text
Barben JCystFibros 2016.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to registered users only
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.

Download (435kB) | Request a copy
[img]
Preview
Text
Barben JCystFibros 2016_postprint1.pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons: Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works (CC-BY-NC-ND).

Download (340kB) | Preview

BACKGROUND

The aim of newborn screening (NBS) for CF is to detect children with 'classic' CF where early treatment is possible and improves prognosis. Children with inconclusive CF diagnosis (CFSPID) should not be detected, as there is no evidence for improvement through early treatment. No algorithm in current NBS guidelines explains what to do when sweat test (ST) fails. This study compares the performance of three different algorithms for further diagnostic evaluations when first ST is unsuccessful, regarding the numbers of children detected with CF and CFSPID, and the time until a definite diagnosis.

METHODS

In Switzerland, CF-NBS was introduced in January 2011 using an IRT-DNA-IRT algorithm followed by a ST. In children, in whom ST was not possible (no or insufficient sweat), 3 different protocols were applied between 2011 and 2014: in 2011, ST was repeated until it was successful (protocol A), in 2012 we proceeded directly to diagnostic DNA testing (protocol B), and 2013-2014, fecal elastase (FE) was measured in the stool, in order to determine a pancreas insufficiency needing immediate treatment (protocol C).

RESULTS

The ratio CF:CFSPID was 7:1 (27/4) with protocol A, 2:1 (22/10) with protocol B, and 14:1 (54/4) with protocol C. The mean time to definite diagnosis was significantly shorter with protocol C (33days) compared to protocol A or B (42 and 40days; p=0.014 compared to A, and p=0.036 compared to B).

CONCLUSIONS

The algorithm for the diagnostic part of the newborn screening used in the CF centers is important and affects the performance of a CF-NBS program with regard to the ratio CF:CFSPID and the time until definite diagnosis. Our results suggest to include FE after initial sweat test failure in the CF-NBS guidelines to keep the proportion of CFSPID low and the time until definite diagnosis short.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (ISPM)

UniBE Contributor:

Rüegg, Corina Silvia; Jurca, Maja and Kühni, Claudia

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 360 Social problems & social services

ISSN:

1569-1993

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Doris Kopp Heim

Date Deposited:

25 Feb 2016 15:01

Last Modified:

25 Oct 2019 02:12

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.jcf.2015.12.024

PubMed ID:

26826912

Uncontrolled Keywords:

CFSPID; Cystic fibrosis; Fecal elastase; Newborn screening

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.78836

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/78836

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback