Adenosine 5'-Phosphosulfate Sulfotransferase and Adenosine 5'-Phosphosulfate Reductase Are Identical Enzymes

Suter, Marianne; von Ballmoos, Peter; Kopriva, S.; den Camp, R. O.; Schaller, J.; Kuhlemeier, Cris; Schürmann, P.; Brunold, Christian (2000). Adenosine 5'-Phosphosulfate Sulfotransferase and Adenosine 5'-Phosphosulfate Reductase Are Identical Enzymes. Journal of biological chemistry, 275(2), pp. 930-936. American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 10.1074/jbc.275.2.930

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Adenosine 5′-phosphosulfate (APS) sulfotransferase and APS reductase have been described as key enzymes of assimilatory sulfate reduction of plants catalyzing the reduction of APS to bound and free sulfite, respectively. APS sulfotransferase was purified to homogeneity from Lemna minor and compared with APS reductase previously obtained by functional complementation of a mutant strain of Escherichia coli with an Arabidopsis thaliana cDNA library. APS sulfotransferase was a homodimer with a monomer M r of 43,000. Its amino acid sequence was 73% identical with APS reductase. APS sulfotransferase purified from Lemna as well as the recombinant enzyme were yellow proteins, indicating the presence of a cofactor. Like recombinant APS reductase, recombinant APS sulfotransferase used APS (K m = 6.5 μM) and not adenosine 3′-phosphate 5′-phosphosulfate as sulfonyl donor. TheV max of recombinant Lemna APS sulfotransferase (40 μmol min−1 mg protein−1) was about 10 times higher than the previously published V max of APS reductase. The product of APS sulfotransferase from APS and GSH was almost exclusively SO3 2−. Bound sulfite in the form ofS-sulfoglutathione was only appreciably formed when oxidized glutathione was added to the incubation mixture. Because SO3 2− was the first reaction product of APS sulfotransferase, this enzyme should be renamed APS reductase.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS) > Stress Physiology (discontinued)
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS)

UniBE Contributor:

Suter, Marianne; von Ballmoos, Peter; Kuhlemeier, Cris and Brunold, Christian

Subjects:

500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)

ISSN:

0021-9258

Publisher:

American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

Language:

English

Submitter:

Peter Alfred von Ballmoos-Haas

Date Deposited:

11 Mar 2016 11:04

Last Modified:

14 Nov 2017 16:26

Publisher DOI:

10.1074/jbc.275.2.930

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.78914

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/78914

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