Drought Adaptation in Millets

Tadele, Zerihun (2016). Drought Adaptation in Millets. In: Shanker, Arun K.; Shanker, Chitra (eds.) Abiotic and Biotic Stress in Plants - Recent Advances and Future Perspectives. Agricultural and Biological Sciences (pp. 639-662). InTech 10.5772/61929

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Millets are major food and feed sources in the developing world especially in the semi-arid tropical regions of Africa and Asia. The most widely cultivated millets are pearl millet [Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br.], finger millet [Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn], foxtail millet [Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauvois], Japanese barnyard millet [Echinochloa esculneta (A. Braun) H. Scholz], Indian Barnyard millet [Echinochloa frumetacea Link], kodo millet [Paspalum scrobiculatum L.], little millet [Panicum sumatrense Roth.ex.Roem. & Schult.], proso millet [Panicum miliaceum L.], tef [Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter] and fonio or acha [Digitaria exilis (Kippist) Stapf and D. iburua Stapf]. Millets are resilient to extreme environmental conditions especially to inadequate moisture and are rich in nutrients. Millets are also considered to be a healthy food, mainly due to the lack of gluten (a substance that causes coeliac disease) in their grain. Despite these agronomic, nutritional and health-related benefits, millets produce very low yield compared to major cereals such as wheat and rice. This extremely low productivity is related to the challenging environment in which they are extensively cultivated and to the little research investment in these crops. Recently, several national and international initiatives have begun to support the improvement of diverse millet types.

Item Type:

Book Section (Book Chapter)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS) > Plant Development
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS)

UniBE Contributor:

Tadele, Zerihun

Subjects:

500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)

ISBN:

978-953-51-2250-0

Series:

Agricultural and Biological Sciences

Publisher:

InTech

Language:

English

Submitter:

Peter Alfred von Ballmoos-Haas

Date Deposited:

04 Apr 2016 14:46

Last Modified:

04 Apr 2016 14:46

Publisher DOI:

10.5772/61929

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Abiotic stress, drought avoidance, drought escape, drought tolerance, millet

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.78994

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/78994

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