Professionalisation of sport federations – A multi-level framework for analysing forms, causes and consequences

Nagel, Siegfried; Schlesinger, Torsten; Bayle, Emmanuel; Giauque, David (2015). Professionalisation of sport federations – A multi-level framework for analysing forms, causes and consequences. European Sport management quarterly, 15(4), pp. 407-433. Taylor & Francis 10.1080/16184742.2015.1062990

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Research question: International and national sport federations as well as their member organisations are key actors within the sport system and have a wide range of relationships outside the sport system (e.g. with the state, sponsors, and the media). They are currently facing major challenges such as growing competition in top-level sports, democratisation of sports with ‘sports for all’ and sports as the answer to social problems. In this context, professionalising sport organisations seems to be an appropriate strategy to face these challenges and current problems. We define the professionalisation of sport organisations as an organisational process of transformation leading towards organisational rationalisation, efficiency and business-like management. This has led to a profound organisational change, particularly within sport federations, characterised by the strengthening of institutional management (managerialism) and the implementation of efficiency-based management instruments and paid staff. Research methods: The goal of this article is to review the current international literature and establish a global understanding of and theoretical framework for analysing why and how sport organisations professionalise and what consequences this may have. Results and findings: Our multi-level approach based on the social theory of action integrates the current concepts for analysing professionalisation in sport federations. We specify the framework for the following research perspectives: (1) forms, (2) causes and (3) consequences, and discuss the reciprocal relations between sport federations and their member organisations in this context. Implications: Finally, we work out a research agenda and derive general methodological consequences for the investigation of professionalisation processes in sport organisations.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW)
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW) > Sport Science III

UniBE Contributor:

Nagel, Siegfried and Schlesinger, Torsten

Subjects:

300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology
700 Arts > 790 Sports, games & entertainment

ISSN:

1618-4742

Publisher:

Taylor & Francis

Language:

English

Submitter:

Siegfried Nagel

Date Deposited:

04 Mar 2016 09:20

Last Modified:

06 May 2019 17:43

Publisher DOI:

10.1080/16184742.2015.1062990

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.79039

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/79039

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