Reporting and handling missing outcome data in mental health: a systematic review of Cochrane systematic reviews and meta-analyses

Spineli, Loukia M; Pandis, Nikolaos; Salanti, Georgia (2015). Reporting and handling missing outcome data in mental health: a systematic review of Cochrane systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Research Synthesis Methods, 6(2), pp. 175-187. Wiley 10.1002/jrsm.1131

[img] Text
Reporting quality of randomised controlled.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to registered users only
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.

Download (107kB) | Request a copy

OBJECTIVES The purpose of the study was to provide empirical evidence about the reporting of methodology to address missing outcome data and the acknowledgement of their impact in Cochrane systematic reviews in the mental health field. METHODS Systematic reviews published in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews after January 1, 2009 by three Cochrane Review Groups relating to mental health were included. RESULTS One hundred ninety systematic reviews were considered. Missing outcome data were present in at least one included study in 175 systematic reviews. Of these 175 systematic reviews, 147 (84%) accounted for missing outcome data by considering a relevant primary or secondary outcome (e.g., dropout). Missing outcome data implications were reported only in 61 (35%) systematic reviews and primarily in the discussion section by commenting on the amount of the missing outcome data. One hundred forty eligible meta-analyses with missing data were scrutinized. Seventy-nine (56%) of them had studies with total dropout rate between 10 and 30%. One hundred nine (78%) meta-analyses reported to have performed intention-to-treat analysis by including trials with imputed outcome data. Sensitivity analysis for incomplete outcome data was implemented in less than 20% of the meta-analyses. CONCLUSIONS Reporting of the techniques for handling missing outcome data and their implications in the findings of the systematic reviews are suboptimal.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Orthodontics

UniBE Contributor:

Pandis, Nikolaos


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health








Eveline Carmen Schuler

Date Deposited:

29 Mar 2016 12:47

Last Modified:

09 Sep 2017 15:34

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

dental implants, prosthodontics, randomised clinical trials




Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback