Impact of the arc length on GNSS analysis results

Lutz, Simon; Meindl, Michael; Steigenberger, Peter; Beutler, Gerhard; Sośnica, Krzysztof; Schaer, Stefan; Dach, Rolf; Arnold, Daniel; Thaller, Daniela; Jäggi, Adrian (2015). Impact of the arc length on GNSS analysis results. Journal of geodesy, 90(4), pp. 365-378. Springer 10.1007/s00190-015-0878-1

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Homogeneously reprocessed combined GPS/GLONASS 1- and 3-day solutions from 1994 to 2013, generated by the Center for Orbit Determination in Europe (CODE) in the frame of the second reprocessing campaign REPRO-2 of the International GNSS Service, as well as GPS- and GLONASS-only 1- and 3-day solutions for the years 2009 to 2011 are analyzed to assess the impact of the arc length on the estimated Earth Orientation Parameters (EOP, namely polar motion and length of day), on the geocenter, and on the orbits. The conventional CODE 3-day solutions assume continuity of orbits, polar motion components, and of other parameters at the day boundaries. An experimental 3-day solution, which assumes continuity of the orbits, but independence from day to day for all other parameters, as well as a non-overlapping 3-day solution, is included into our analysis. The time series of EOPs, geocenter coordinates, and orbit misclosures, are analyzed. The long-arc solutions were found to be superior to the 1-day solutions: the RMS values of EOP and geocenter series are typically reduced between 10 and 40 %, except for the polar motion rates, where RMS reductions by factors of 2–3 with respect to the 1-day solutions are achieved for the overlapping and the non-overlapping 3-day solutions. In the low-frequency part of the spectrum, the reduction is even more important. The better performance of the orbits of 3-day solutions with respect to 1-day solutions is also confirmed by the validation with satellite laser ranging.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Astronomy
08 Faculty of Science > Other Institutions > Emeriti, Faculty of Science

UniBE Contributor:

Lutz, Simon, Meindl, Michael, Beutler, Gerhard, Schaer, Stefan, Dach, Rolf, Arnold, Daniel, Thaller, Daniela, Jäggi, Adrian


500 Science > 520 Astronomy








Pierre Fridez

Date Deposited:

02 May 2016 10:15

Last Modified:

02 Mar 2023 23:27

Publisher DOI:





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