A photopolymerized composite hydrogel and surgical implanting tool for a nucleus pulposus replacement

Schmocker, Andreas; Khoushabi, Azadeh; Frauchiger, Daniela Angelika; Gantenbein, Benjamin; Schizas, Constantin; Moser, Christophe; Bourban, Pierre-Etienne; Pioletti, Dominique P (2016). A photopolymerized composite hydrogel and surgical implanting tool for a nucleus pulposus replacement. Biomaterials, 88, pp. 110-119. Elsevier 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2016.02.015

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Nucleus pulposus replacements have been subjected to highly controversial discussions over the last 40 years. Their use has not yet resulted in a positive outcome to treat herniated disc or degenerated disc disease. The main reason is that not a single implant or tissue replacement was able to withstand the loads within an intervertebral disc. Here, we report on the development of a photo-polymerizable poly(ethylene glycol)dimethacrylate nano-fibrillated cellulose composite hydrogel which was tuned according to native tissue properties. Using a customized minimally-invasive medical device to inject and photopolymerize the hydrogel insitu, samples were implanted through an incision of 1 mm into an intervertebral disc of a bovine organ model to evaluate their long-term performance. When implanted into the bovine disc model, the composite hydrogel implant was able to significantly re-establish disc height after surgery (p < 0.0025). The height was maintained after 0.5 million loading cycles (p < 0.025). The mechanical resistance of the novel composite hydrogel material combined with the minimally invasive implantation procedure into a bovine disc resulted in a promising functional orthopedic implant for the replacement of the nucleus pulposus.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute for Surgical Technology & Biomechanics ISTB

UniBE Contributor:

Frauchiger, Daniela Angelika and Gantenbein, Benjamin

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0142-9612

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Benjamin Gantenbein

Date Deposited:

10 May 2016 15:40

Last Modified:

12 May 2016 05:11

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.biomaterials.2016.02.015

PubMed ID:

26976264

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Medical device; Minimally invasive surgery; Nano-cellulose fibers; Orthopedic implant; Photopolymerization; poly(ethylene-glycol)dimethacrylate

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.80017

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/80017

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