Multimodal Imaging of Cotton Wool Spots in Branch Retinal Vein Occlusion.

Munk, Marion; Matt, G; Baratsitis, M; Dunavoelgyi, R; Huf, W; Montuoro, A; Buehl, W; Schmidt-Erfurth, U; Sacu, S (2015). Multimodal Imaging of Cotton Wool Spots in Branch Retinal Vein Occlusion. Ophthalmic research, 54(1), pp. 48-56. Karger 10.1159/000430843

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PURPOSE: To describe and follow cotton wool spots (CWS) in branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) using multimodal imaging. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study including 24 patients with new-onset BRVO, CWS were described and analyzed in color fundus photography (CF), spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), infrared (IR) and fluorescein angiography (FA) every 3 months for 3 years. The CWS area on SD-OCT and CF was evaluated using OCT-Tool-Kit software: CWS were marked in each single OCT B-scan and the software calculated the area by interpolation. RESULTS: 29 central CWS lesions were found. 100% of these CWS were visible on SD-OCT, 100% on FA and 86.2% on IR imaging, but only 65.5% on CF imaging. CWS were visible for 12.4 ± 7.5 months on SD-OCT, for 4.4 ± 3 months and 4.3 ± 3.4 months on CF and on IR, respectively, and for 17.5 ± 7.1 months on FA. The evaluated CWS area on SD-OCT was larger than on CF (0.26 ± 0.17 mm(2) vs. 0.13 ± 0.1 mm(2), p < 0.0001). The CWS area on SD-OCT and surrounding pathology such as intraretinal cysts, avascular zones and intraretinal hemorrhage were predictive for how long CWS remained visible (r(2) = 0.497, p < 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: The lifetime and presentation of CWS in BRVO seem comparable to other diseases. SD-OCT shows a higher sensitivity for detecting CWS compared to CF. The duration of visibility of CWS varies among different image modalities and depends on the surrounding pathology and the CWS size.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Ophthalmology

UniBE Contributor:

Munk, Marion

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0030-3747

Publisher:

Karger

Language:

English

Submitter:

Marion Munk

Date Deposited:

22 Jun 2016 17:48

Last Modified:

13 Jun 2017 02:30

Publisher DOI:

10.1159/000430843

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.80056

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/80056

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